APPENDIX B
Lineage and Design Properties of Studies on Cohorts Informative for Selected Cancers



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APPENDIX B Lineage and Design Properties of Studies on Cohorts Informative for Selected Cancers 237

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238 ASBESTOS TABLE B.1 Lineage and Design Properties of Studies on Cohorts Informative for Selected Cancers Cohort Population (location— Number of Workersa number, description) Type of Exposure Patients with Asbestos-Related Disease 1. Italy— implied high exposure to 1. 276 textile workers 631 women compensated asbestos 2. 278 asbestos cement for asbestosis 1. mainly chrysotile workers 2. mainly crocidolite 2. Finland— a. 1,376 asbestosis patients b. 4,887 patients with pleural disease 3. Poland— a. 907 men with asbestosis b. 490 women with asbestosis 4. US clinical trial monitoring men with asbestos 1,839 asbestos-exposed asbestos-exposed men exposure in clinical trial of (smoking-eligible) vs 7,924 lung cancer prevention heavy smokers (not asbestos- exposed) Mining 5. Wittenoom Gorge, crocidolite 6,000 men Western Australia 6,505 men 411 women 6,506 men 6,493 men 415 women ~5,700 men alive in 1980

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239 APPENDIX B Citationb Temporal Definition Follow-Up alive and on asbestosis compensation 1/1/1980-10/30/1997 Germani et al. (1999) roles 12/31/1979 1964-1995 1967-1995 Karjalainen et al. (1999) diagnosed 1970-1997 1999 Szeszenia-Dabrowska et al. (2002) prospective for Aliyu et al. (2005) 10-18 yrs (1984-2004) 1943-1966 Hobbs et al. (1980) 1943-1966 1980 Armstrong et al. (1988) 1943-1966 1980 de Klerk et al. (1989) 1943-1966 2000 Berry et al. (2004) 1943-1966 1979-2000 Reid et al. (2004) continues

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240 ASBESTOS TABLE B.1 Continued Cohort Population (location— Number of Workersa number, description) Type of Exposure 6. Quebec, Canada— chrysotile 6,091 male miners Asbestos and Thetford Mines 11,788 men and women 544 chrysotile, also exposed workers at factory in to crocidolite Asbestos, Quebec 10,939 men 440 women 10,939 men 440 women 5,351 men surviving through 1976 of original 10,939 men 10,918 men 7. Finland—Paakkila and anthophyllite 1,092 Maljasalmi Mines anthophyllite 1,092 anthophyllite 736 men, 167 women 8. Balangero, Italy chrysotile 932 chrysotile 1,094 9. Northern Transvaal, 1. crocilodite 7,317 white men South Africa—North 2. amosite 1. 3,430 West Cape Blue and 2. 3,212 Penge Mines 3. 675 both 10. Libby, MT, US— tremolite-actinolite NIOSH sample tremolite-actinolite 575 men tremolite 1. 569 men 2. 406 men

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241 APPENDIX B Citationb Temporal Definition Follow-Up employed in 1950, 1955 Braun and Truan (1958) ≥ 5 yrs exposure born 1881-1920; with >1 mo 11/1/1966 McDonald et al. (1971) working employees with ≥ 20 yr in 1961 1977 Nicholson et al. (1979) born 1881-1920; with >1 mo 1975 McDonald and Liddell working (1979) born 1881-1920; with >1 mo 1975 McDonald et al. (1980) working born 1891-1920; with >1 mo before 1975 Liddell et al. (1984) 1967 born 1891-1920; with >1 mo 1976-1988 McDonald et al. (1993) working born 1891-1920; with >1 mo 1992 Liddell et al. (1997) working 1/1/1936-6/30/1967, ≥ 3 mo 5/201969 Meurman et al. (1974) 1/1/1936-6/30/1967, ≥ 3 mo 9/1/1977 Meurman et al. (1979) worked ≥ 3 mo 1/1/1936-6/30/1967; 1953-1991 Meurman et al. (1994) alive 1/1/1953 > 1 mo 1930-1965; alive 1/1/1946 1946-1975 Rubino et al. (1979) 1946-1987, > 1 yr 1987 Piolatto et al. (1990) 1945-1955 1980 Sluis-Cremer et al. (1992) Amandus et al. (1987) pre-1970; > 1 yr 1981 Amandus and Wheeler (1987) 1. pre-1970; > 1 yr 2. pre-1963; 1. 1981 2. June 1983 Amandus et al. (1988) > 1 yr continues

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242 ASBESTOS TABLE B.1 Continued Cohort Population (location— Number of Workersa number, description) Type of Exposure Insulation Manufacture / Insulators 11. Canada/USA 1. 632 men 1. 632 men 3. 17,800 men (including survivors of 1 and 2) a. 632 male insulation 1. 632 men workers before 1943 2. 833 men in NY/NJ 3. 17,800 men 17,800 men 17,800 men b. Paterson, NJ, US— amosite 820 men 820 men producing amosite amosite 820 men asbestos insulation for shipbuilding 17,800 men c. 17,800 male members 17,800 men in 1967 of asbestos insulation unions 12. Uxbridge, UK—Cape amosite 4,820 male asbestos workers [insulation] Boards Plant amosite 4,825 men 1947-1973 amosite and autopsies on 48 workers small amt chrysotile; 1973 only amosite 13. East London, UK—1,400 crocidolite, amosite and 1. ~3,000 male factory male laggers [subgroups 1 chrysotile workers and 2 make up 2. ~700 female factory population 32] 3. ~1,400 laggers (insulators) 14. Tyler, TX, US—753 amosite 753 white men white male asbestos pipe- insulation plant workers

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243 APPENDIX B Citationb Temporal Definition Follow-Up 1. members < 1943 1943-1962 Selikoff et al. (1964) 1. members < 1943 1. 1943-1971 Selikoff (1974) 3. in union 1/1/1967 3. 1967-1971 1. members < 1943 1. 1943-1976 Selikoff et al. (1979) 2. joined 1943-1962 2. hire date—1976 3. in union 1/1/1967 3. 1967-1976 in union 1/1/1967 1967-1976 Selikoff et al. (1980) in union 1/1/1967 1967-1979 Seidman et al. (1982) 1941-1945 1985 Seidman et al. (1986) 1941-1945 1988 Ribak et al. (1989) in union 1/1/1967 1967-1986 Seidman and Selikoff (1990) in union 1/1/1967 1967-1986 Selikoff and Seidman (1991) 1947-1979 1947-1980 Acheson et al. (1984) 1947-1979 1986 Gardner et al. (1988) Gibbs et al. (1994) 1 and 3. began 4/1/1933-3/31/1964, 1980 Berry et al. (2000) > 1 mo 2. began 1936-1942 workers worked at plant during operation 1964-1993 Levin et al. (1998) (1954-1972) or during clean-up; alive in 1964 continues

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244 ASBESTOS TABLE B.1 Continued Cohort Population (location— Number of Workersa number, description) Type of Exposure Asbestos Textile Workers 15. Italy—889 male and 889 men, 1,077 women 1,077 female textile workers 16. Rochdale, Northern asbestos (textile) workers chrysotile 1°, crocidolite England asbestos textiles chrysotile 1°, crocidolite asbestos workers asbestos textiles chrysotile 1°, crocidolite asbestos textiles chrysotile, crocidolite chrysotile, crocidolite 3,222 men and 283 women 17. Charleston, SC, USA— chrysotile asbestos textile workers chrysotile chrysotile 1,261 white men chrysotile 1,261 men chrysotile only 2,543 men (black and white, reason so much larger?) chrysotile 3,022 subjects; 1. 1,247 white men 2. 546 black men 3. 1,229 white women chrysotile 3,022 subjects; 1. 1,247 white men 2. 546 black men 3. 1,229 white women

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245 APPENDIX B Citationb Temporal Definition Follow-Up 1946-1984, ≥ 1 mo 1996 Pira et al. (2005) 113 men > 20 yr completed Doll (1955) 1922-1953 1. 198 men 1. > 20 yr completed Knox et al. (1965) 1916-1961 2. 427 men and 175 women 2. > 10 yr expo; hired > 1932 113 men Hill et al. (1966) 878: 658 men and 220 women 1916-1966, > 10 yrs Knox et al. (1968) 1,106 1916-1972 Peto et al. (1977) 1916-1983 6/30/1983 Peto et al. (1985) Dement et al. (1982) 1930-1975 Dement et al. (1983a) 1940-1975, > 1 mo 1975 Dement et al. (1983b) 1940-1975 1975 Finkelstein (1984) > 1 mo working before 1958 1977 McDonald et al. (1983) 1940-1975 1990 Brown et al. (1994) 1940-1975 1990 Dement et al. (1994) continues

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246 ASBESTOS TABLE B.1 Continued Cohort Population (location— Number of Workersa number, description) Type of Exposure Asbestos Cement 18. Denmark—Danish Eternit chrysotile, crocidolite and 5,686 men Ltd. cement factory amosite chrysotile mostly (only 7,979 men < 1946), amosite, crocilodite 583 women mainly chrysotile; amosite, 7,887 men crocilodite 576 women 7,887 men, 576 women 19. Emilia Romagna, Italy— chrysotile, crocidolite 3,341 10 cement factories 20. Casale Monferrato, Italy crocidolite and chrysotile 2,608 men —asbestos cement 759 women production chrysotile, crocidolite 2,605 men 762 woman 21. Lithuainia—Daugeliai and chrysotile—almost only 1,285 men Akmene Factories 602 women 22. Southern Sweden— asbestos cement plant >95% chrysotile; 1,929 men crocidolite and amosite 981 male asbestos cement workers 23. Tamworth, England, UK chrysotile—almost only 1,510 men —TAC Construction 657 women Materials Ltd. 24. New Orleans, LA, US— primarily chrysotile, workers at two asbestos 1. some crocidolite and 1. 1,898 men at plant 1 cement plants amosite 2. crocidolite 2. 3,594 men at plant 2 chrysotile, amosite, 839 men crocidolite

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247 APPENDIX B Citationb Temporal Definition Follow-Up 1943-1976 1976 Clemmensen and Hjalgrim-Jensen (1981) ever 1928-1984; alive 1943 1943-1984 Raffn et al. (1989) 1928-1984 1943-1990 Raffn et al. (1996) 1928-1984 1943-1990 Raffn et al. (1998) 1952-1987 1989 Giaroli et al. (1994) worked anytime 1950-1980 1964-4/15/1986 Botta et al. (1991) worked anytime 1950-1980 1965-1993 Magnani et al. (1996) pre-1978 2000 Smailyte et al. (2004a) 1907- 1985 Albin et al. (1988) 1907-1977 1986 Albin et al. (1990) > 1 yr employed; 15 yrs latency 1958-1989 Jakobsson et al. (1994) 1941-1983 1984 Gardner et al. (1986) employed before 1970; 20 yr latency Oct 1980 Hughes et al. (1987) had clinical exam in 1969 with x-ray 1983 Hughes and Weill (1991) continues

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248 ASBESTOS TABLE B.1 Continued Cohort Population (location— Number of Workersa number, description) Type of Exposure Friction Materials 25. Ontario, Canada—two 1,314 men automotive parts factories 343 women 26. Ferodo, UK—friction crocidolite, chrysolite 9,113 men materials factory 4,347 women chrysotile; some crocidolite 13,460 <1945 crocidolite, chrysolite 9,104 men 4,346 women chrysotile 9,104 men 4,346 women 27. USSR chrysotile 1. 156 2. 2,834 28. New York, US—friction chrysotile 1. 2,057 men products manufacture 2. 268 men 54 women Generic “Asbestos Workers” 29. China—eight asbestos chrysotile 5,893 men and women factories 30. Qingdao, China—asbestos chrysotile 160 men plant 370 women 31. Federal Republic of (smoking info) 3,735 men and women Germany—asbestos- 1. 665 exposure ended <1972 related workers from 2. 3,070 exposure ended national register >1971 616 women 3,372 men 616 women

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249 APPENDIX B Citationb Temporal Definition Follow-Up 1/1/1950; > 1 yr 1985 Finkelstein (1989a) 1941-1979 1979 Newhouse et al. (1982) 1942-1979 1979 Berry and Newhouse (1983) 1941-1979 1986 Newhouse and Sullivan (1989) 1941-1986 1986 Berry (1994) 1. working in FP shop 1/1/1966 1. 1984 Kogan et al. (1993) 2. Yoroslavl plant, > 3yr 2. 1949-1988 1. ? 1. 1937-1980 Parnes (1990) 2. current employees worked > 15 yr 1986 Zhu and Wang (1993) pre-1972; > 1 yr 1994 Pang et al. (1997) > 3 yrs expo before1977 1977-1982 Woitowitz et al. (1986) > 3 yrs expo before 1977 1977-1988 Rosler et al. (1994) 1977-1988? Rosler and Woitowitz (1995) continues

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250 ASBESTOS TABLE B.1 Continued Cohort Population (location— Number of Workersa number, description) Type of Exposure 32. East London, UK—3000 crocidolite, small amount 4,835 men male and 700 female chrysotile, amosite after 922 women after limit asbestos factory workers 1926 cohort to enhance tracking [subgroup 3 makes up population 13] crocidolite, amosite and >4,000 workers 1,327 severe chrysotile expo crocidolite, amosite and 1. 3,232 male factory workers chrysotile 2. 922 female factory workers 3. 1,368 male laggers crocidolite, amosite and 1. ~3,000 male factory chrysotile workers 2. 932 female factory workers 3. ~1,400 laggers crocidolite, amosite and 1. ~3,000 male factory chrysotile workers 2. 932 female factory workers 3. ~1,400 laggers 33. Lancashire, UK—gas chrysotile and crocidolite 1,327 women mask manufacture 34. England and Wales, UK— various types of asbestos 31,150 men traced and national survey of examined of 33,079 total asbestos workers 35. US—asbestos industry production or maintenance 1,464 men retirees service employees for asbestos company 1,348 men 65 yr old; full expo and job history amosite, chrysotile, 1,348 men crocidolite amosite, chrysotile, 1,075 men of above who crocidolite worked in US amosite, chrysotile, 1,074 men crocidolite

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251 APPENDIX B Citationb Temporal Definition Follow-Up worked 4/1/1933-3/31/1964, > 1 mo 5/1/1965 Newhouse (1969) began 1936-1942 1968 Newhouse et al. (1972) worked 4/1/1933-3/31/1964, > 1 mo Newhouse and Berry (1973) 1 and 3. began 4/1/1933-3/31/1964 1975 Newhouse and Berry 2. began 1936-1942 (1979) 1 and 3. began 4/1/1933-3/31/1964 1980 Newhouse et al. (1985b) 2. began 1936-1942 1 and 3. began 4/1/1933-3/31/1964, 1980 Berry et al. (2000) > 1 mo 2. began 1936-1942 1939 1951-1980 Acheson et al. (1982) asbestos work first before 1981 Hodgson and Jones 1969 or only after 1969 (1986) (max 12 yr latency) retired 1941-1967 1969 Enterline et al. (1972) 1941-1967 1969 Enterline et al. (1973) 1941-1967 1969 Enterline and Henderson (1973) 1941-1967 1973 Henderson and Enterline (1979) 1941-1967 1980 Enterline et al. (1987) continues

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252 ASBESTOS TABLE B.1 Continued Cohort Population (location— Number of Workersa number, description) Type of Exposure Other Occupations with Substantial Asbestos Exposure 36. Ontario, Canada— 25,285 men members of plumbers’ and pipe fitters’ union 37. Finland—7,775 male asbestos one of many 12,693 men: shipyard workers toxic exposures 1,689 welders, 4,308 platers, 6,003 machinists, 693 pipe fitters (608 in shipyard) 38. Tuscany, Italy—railway chrysotile, crocidolite 734 men carriage construction and repair 39. Genoa, Italy—ship repair, asbestos one of many 2,348 men refitting, and construction toxic exposures asbestos one of many 2,190 men toxic exposures asbestos one of many 3,984 men toxic exposures 40. Gothenburg, Sweden— shipyards sprayed mostly 272 men shipyard workers amosite; crocidolite used on 4 naval ships in 1950s shipyard insulation 248 workers asbestos and other 383 men (18 not fully IDed) potenially toxic agents (metal fumes and solvents) handled chrysotile (around 3,902 participated in health spraying of amosite, some program 1977-1979 (self- crocidolite); asbestos use selected for belief ever stopped in 1972 exposed to asbestos) chrysotile, mainly 3,893 aNumber of subjects with information necessary for analysis (as used in this report’s meta- analyses and reported in tables in Appendix D) may have been less. bFull citations can be found in the reference list for Chapter 6.

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253 APPENDIX B Citationb Temporal Definition Follow-Up 1950-1999 1999 Finkelstein and Verma (2004) 1945-1960, > 1 yr 1953-1981 Tola et al. (1988) [incidence] 1945-1969 1970-1997 Battista et al. (1999) worked any time before 1952; 1960-1969 Puntoni et al. (1977) alive 1960 worked any time 1960-1970 1960-1975 Puntoni et al. (1979) worked any time 1960-1980 1960-1995 Puntoni et al. (2001) active in union 1970 1970-1979 Sanden et al. (1984) 1970-1994 Jarvholm and Sanden (1988) insured worker dying 1960-1979 at Sanden et al. (1985) 40-67 yrs of age 1978-1983 Sanden and Jarvholm (1987) [incidence] Sanden et al. (1992)

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