ment Authority to focus on the regions that would be impacted by the closure of Indian Point.
There are two general options to consider in replacing Indian Point: reducing demand and increasing supply. As noted above, demand is increasing, but the growth rate can be controlled to some extent. Many efforts already are under way to increase the efficiency of use of electricity or to reduce demand during peaks when reliability concerns are highest. Chapter 2 discusses how those efforts could be expanded if it were necessary to compensate for the loss of Indian Point. It also discusses distributed generation and how that could affect load growth and electricity reliability.
Supply options, discussed in Chapter 3, include new generating units and transmission lines that can import power from underutilized generating plants in upstate New York and beyond. In recent years, almost all new generating plants have been fueled by natural gas, but those supplies are becoming strained. Modifying the bulk power system can be complicated, and many factors must be considered. In particular, reactive power has a large effect on transmission capability. The reactive power supplied by Indian Point would also have to be replaced if its units are closed.
Chapter 4 discusses institutional factors and various impacts that might result from the replacement of Indian Point with the options discussed in Chapters 2 and 3. Most new generating plants and transmission lines would be built by private companies, which could face daunting obstacles of regulation and financing. New facilities also would create a set of environmental impacts different from those created by Indian Point.
Chapter 5 analyzes several scenarios to evaluate the impact of closing Indian Point and replacing it with these other options. The scenarios with compensatory actions to replace Indian Point are to be viewed as representative of the actions that could be taken, not as a recommended path. Other combinations of options might prove less expensive or advantageous from other perspectives. Nor do these scenarios include all of the costs that could be involved, such as buying Indian Point in order to close it, or disposing of the spent fuel now being stored onsite.
A series of appendixes follow. Appendixes D through G, which give additional details on the options considered and the committee’s analyses, are reproduced on the CD-ROM that contains the full report but are not included in the printed report owing to space limitations.
The committee’s findings and conclusions are discussed in the Summary and Findings that precedes this chapter. This report does not include recommendations as to whether Indian Point should be closed.
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