to whether the site is in the home country, another developed economy (DEV), or a developing or emerging economy (EMG). In comparing responses by characteristic and across sites, there are few significant differences. A site in another developed economy is more likely to be an acquisition than is a site in an emerging economy (5-percent level). More interesting is the significantly higher percentage (5-percent level) of respondents for emerging economy sites who indicated that the site was to support research relationships with local universities or research institutes. This result likely follows from the fact that these companies have already established extensive research networks with universities in developed economies (home or otherwise), but they are in the process of developing those networks in emerging economies. Finally, note that the most likely characteristic is that the R&D site is an expansion. In contrast, it is very unlikely that the site is a relocation of R&D activity.

FIGURE 6 General site characteristics.

Statistical Tests for Figure 6(5-percent level):

Emerging economies

Developed economies














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