Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable (GUIRR) of the National Academies asked the authors to undertake a survey of the factors behind R&D site location, with particular attention paid to the decision to locate in the home country versus other countries.
The survey instrument was developed after extensive consultation with representatives of GUIRR, the Industrial Research Institute (IRI), the European Industrial Research Management Association (EIRMA), and the American Chemical Society. In-depth discussions were held with industry R&D managers from 11 companies based in the United States and Europe as well as representatives of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, the European Commission, and the Swedish Institute for Growth Policy Studies. These discussions probed a variety of issues related to R&D strategy and factors, both internal and external to the firm, that were considered in deliberations on placement of R&D facilities, as well as the mechanisms used to protect and capitalize on intellectual property created in sites at home and elsewhere. Detailed comments were solicited on a series of draft survey documents. In April 2005, the survey document was transcribed to the web-based survey software of SurveyMonkey. Survey beta tests were conducted in late April and early May. Survey responses were obtained beginning in late May 2005. The appendix provides information on the potential pool of respondents, response rate, and information on the statistical tests reported in the text.