Briffa, K.R., and E.R. Cook. 1990. Methods of response function analysis. In Methods of Dendrochronology. E.R. Cook and L. Kairiukstis (eds.). Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

Briffa, K.R., P.D. Jones, T.S. Bartholin, D. Eckstein, F.H. Schweingruber, W. Karlén, P. Zetterberg, and M. Eronen. 1992. Fennoscandian summers from AD 500: temperature changes on short and long timescales. Climate Dynamics 7:111-119.

Briffa, K.R., F.H. Schweingruber, P.D. Jones, T.J. Osborn, S.G. Shiyatov, and E.A. Vaganov. 1998. Reduced sensitivity of recent tree-growth to temperature at high northern latitudes. Nature 391:678-682.

Briffa, K.R., T.J. Osborn, F.H. Schweingruber, I.C. Harris, P.D. Jones, S.G. Shiyatov, and E.A. Vaganov. 2001. Low-frequency temperature variations from a northern tree ring density network. Journal of Geophysical Research 106(D3):2929-2941.

Briffa, K.R., T.J. Osborn, F.H. Schweingruber, P.D. Jones, S.G. Shiyatov, and E.A. Vaganov. 2002. Tree-ring width and density data around the Northern Hemisphere: Part 1, local and regional climate signals. Holocene 12:737-757.

Briffa, K.R., T.J. Osborn, and F.H. Schweingruber. 2004. Large-scale temperature inferences from tree rings: a review. Global and Planetary Change 40:11-26.

Brohan, P., J.J. Kennedy, I. Harris, S.F.B. Tett, and P.D. Jones. In press. Uncertainty estimates in regional and global observed temperature changes: a new dataset from 1850. Journal of Geophysical Research.

Brown, P.J. 1982. Multivariate calibration (with discussion). Journal of the Royal Statistical Society B 44:287-321.

Buckland, P.C., T. Amorosi, L.K. Barlow, A.J. Dugmore, P.A. Mayewski, T.H. McGovern, A.E.J. Ogilvie, J.P. Sadler, and P. Skidmore. 1996. Bioarchaeological and climatological evidence for the fate of Norse farmers in medieval Greenland. Antiquity 70:88-96.

Buckley, B.M., E.R. Cook, M.J. Peterson, and M. Barbetti. 1997. A changing temperature response with elevation for Lagarostrobos franklinii in Tasmania, Australia. Climatic Change 36:477-498.

Bugmann, H.K.M. 1996. A simplified forest model to study species composition along climate gradients. Ecology 77:2055-2074.

Bunn, A.G., R.L. Lawrence, G.J. Bellante, L.A. Waggoner, and L.J. Graumlich. 2003. Spatial variation in distribution and growth patterns of old growth strip-bark pines. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 35:323-330.

Bunn, A.G., T.J. Sharac, and L.J. Graumlich. 2004. Using a simulation model to compare methods of tree-ring detrending and to investigate the detectability of low-frequency signals. Tree-Ring Research 60(2):77-90.

Bunn, A.G., L.A. Waggoner, and L.J. Graumlich. 2005. Topographic mediation of growth in high elevation foxtail pine (Pinus balfouriana Grev. et Balf.) forests in the Sierra Nevada, USA. Global Ecology and Biogeography 14:103-114.

Büntgen, U., J. Esper, D.C. Frank, K. Nicolussi, and M. Schmidhalter. 2005. A 1052-year tree-ring proxy for Alpine summer temperatures. Climate Dynamics 25:141-153.

Bürger, G., and U. Cubasch. 2005. Are multiproxy climate reconstructions robust? Geophysical Research Letters 32(L23711):1-4.

Camardi, G. 1999. Charles Lyell and the uniformity principle. Biology and Philosophy 14:537-560.

CCSP and SGCR (Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research). 2006. Temperature Trends in the Lower Atmosphere: Steps for Understanding and Reconciling Differences. Synthesis and Assessment Product 1.1. T. Karl, S. Hassol, C. Miller, and W. Murray (eds.). U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C.

Chappellaz, J., T. Blunier, S. Kints, A. Dällenbach, J.-M. Barnola, J. Schwander, D. Raynaud, and B. Stauffer. 1997. Changes in the atmospheric CH4 gradient between Greenland and Antarctica during the Holocene. Journal of Geophysical Research—Atmospheres 102(D13):15,987-15,997.

Charles, C.D., D.E. Hunter, and R.G. Fairbanks. 1997. Interaction between the ENSO and the Asian monsoon in a coral record of tropical climate. Science 277:925-928.

Charman, D.J., A. Blundell, R.C. Chiverrell, D. Hendon, and P.G. Langdon. 2006. Compilation of non-annually resolved Holocene proxy climate records: stacked records of Holocene peatland palaeo-water table reconstructions from northern Britain. Quaternary Science Reviews 25:336-350.

Chisholm, T.J., and D.S. Chapman. 1992. Climate change inferred from analysis of borehole temperatures —an example from western Utah. Journal of Geophysical Research 97(B10):14155-14175.

Christy, J.R., W.B. Norris, K. Redmond, and K. Gallo. 2006. Methodology and results of calculating central California surface temperature trends: evidence of human-induced climate change? Journal of Climate 19:548-563.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement