Wang, S., D. Gong, and J. Zhu. 2001. Twentieth-century climatic warming in China in the context of the Holocene. Holocene 11(3):313-321.

Wang, L., S. Payette, and Y. Bégin. 2002. Relationships between anatomical and densitometric characteristics of black spruce and summer temperature at tree line in northern Quebec. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 32:477-486.

Wang, Y.-M., J.L. Lean, and N.R. Sheeley. 2005a. Modeling the Sun’s magnetic field and irradiance since 1713. Astrophysical Journal 625:522-538.

Wang, Y., H. Cheng, R.L. Edwards, Y. He, X. Kong, Z. An, J. Wu, M.J. Kelly, C.A Dykoski, and X. Li. 2005b. The Holocene Asian Monsoon: links to solar changes and North Atlantic climate. Science 308:854-857.

Warren, C., and M. Aniya. 1999. The calving glaciers of southern South America. Global and Planetary Change 22(1-4):59-77.

Webb, G.E. 1983. Tree Rings and Telescopes: The Scientific Career of A.E. Douglass. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.

Webb, M.J., C.A. Senior, D.M.H. Sexton, W.J. Ingram, K.D. Williams, M.A. Ringer, B.J. McAvaney, R. Colman, B.J. Soden, R. Gudgel, T. Knutson, S. Emori, T. Ogura, Y. Tsushima, N. Andronova, B. Li, I. Musat, S. Bony, and K.E. Taylor. 2006. On the contribution of local feedback mechanisms to the range of climate sensitivity in two GCM ensembles. Climate Dynamics 27:17-38.

Wigley, T.M.L., K.R. Briffa, and P.D. Jones. 1984. On the average value of correlated time series, with applications in dendroclimatology and hydrometeorology. Journal of Climate and Applied Meteorology 23:201-213.

Wigley, T.M.L., P.D. Jones, and K.R. Briffa. 1987. Cross-dating methods in denrochronology. Journal of Archaeological Science 14:51-64.

Wilmking, M., and G.P. Juday. 2005. Longitudinal variation of radial growth at Alaska’s northern treeline—recent changes and possible scenarios for the 21st century. Global and Planetary Change 47:282-300.

Winter, A, H. Ishioroshi, T. Watanabe, T. Oba, and J. Christy. 2000. Caribbean sea surface temperatures: two to three degrees cooler than present during the Little Ice Age. Geophysical Research Letters 27(20):3365-3368.

Winton, M. 2006. Surface albedos feedback estimates for the AR4 climate models. Journal of Climate 19:359-365.

Wohlforth, C.P. 2004. The Whale and the Supercomputer: On the Northern Front of Climate Change. North Point Press, New York.

Xoplaki, E., J. Luterbacher, H. Paeth, D. Dietrich, N. Steiner, M. Grosjean, and H. Wanner. 2005. European spring and autumn temperature variability and change of extremes over the last half millennium. Geophysical Research Letters 32:L15713.

Yamaguchi, D.K. 1991. A simple method for cross-dating increment cores from living trees. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 21(3):414-416.

Yang, B., A. Braeuning, and K.R. Johnson. 2002. General characteristics of temperature variation in China during the last two millennia. Geophysical Research Letters 29(9):1324.

Yao, T., L.G. Thompson, E. Mosley-Thompson, Y. Zhihong, Z. Xingping, P.-N. Lin. 1996. Climatological significance of δ18O in north Tibetan ice cores. Journal of Geophysical Research 101(D23):29,531-29,537.

Zinke, J., W.-C. Dullo, G.A. Heiss, and A. Eisenhauer. 2004. ENSO and Indian Ocean subtropical dipole variability is recorded in a coral record off southwest Madagascar for the period 1659 to 1995. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 228(1-2):177-194.

Zolitschka, B. 2003. Dating based on freshwater- and marine-laminated sediments. In: Global Change in the Holocene. Pp. 92-106. A. Mackay et al. (eds.). Arnold, London.

Zorita, E., and H. von Storch. 2005. Methodical aspects of reconstructing non-local historical temperatures. Memorie della Società Astronomica Italia 76:794-801.

Zuo, Z., and J. Oerlemans. 1997. Contribution of glacier melt to sea-level rise since AD 1865: a regionally differentiated calculation. Climate Dynamics 13(12):835-845.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement