community. The primary obstacle cited is the dearth of data on the clinical research workforce.

The committee for the study described in this volume agreed with the biomedical research workforce study reports that the lack of a clear, agreed-upon definition for clinical research is a significant obstacle to the collection of data. Based on this and other information, the current study committee concentrated its effort on the recruitment of M.D.s, M.D./Ph.D.s and Ph.D. nurses into clinical research.

The study committee found that clinical research presented a set of challenges different from those posed by basic science for students considering research careers. Chapter 2 provides a framework for understanding the systemic challenges facing those who educate, fund, and employ clinical researchers. Chapter 3 outlines the current status of women and underrepresented minorities in clinical research, as well as the programs that have been devised to aid their advancement. The specific needs of nursing professionals are addressed in Chapter 4. Chapter 5 presents the study’s conclusions and recommendations.

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