results of the entire design process, using verbal, graphic, quantitative, virtual, and written means, in addition to three-dimensional models.

Standard 12:
Use and Maintain Technological Products and Systems
Benchmarks for Grades K–2
  • Discover how things work.

  • Use hand tools correctly and safely and be able to name them correctly.

  • Recognize and use everyday symbols.

Benchmarks for Grades 3–5
  • Follow step-by-step directions to assemble a product.

  • Select and safely use tools, products, and systems for specific tasks.

  • Use computers to access and organize information.

  • Use common symbols, such as numbers and words, to communicate key ideas.

Benchmarks for Grades 6–8
  • Use information provided in manuals, protocols, or by experienced people to see and understand how things work.

  • Use tools, materials, and machines safely to diagnose, adjust, and repair systems.

  • Use computers and calculators in various applications.

  • Operate and maintain systems in order to achieve a given purpose.

Benchmarks for Grades 9–12
  • Document processes and procedures and communicate them to different audiences using appropriate oral and written techniques.

  • Diagnose a system that is malfunctioning and use tools, materials, machines, and knowledge to repair it.

  • Troubleshoot, analyze, and maintain systems to ensure safe and proper function and precision.

  • Operate systems so that they function in the way they were designed.

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