Benchmarks for Grades 9–12
  • Medical technologies include prevention and rehabilitation, vaccines and pharmaceuticals, medical and surgical procedures, genetic engineering, and the systems within which health is protected and maintained.

  • Telemedicine reflects the convergence of technological advances in a number of fields, including medicine, telecommunications, virtual presence, computer engineering, informatics, artificial intelligence, robotics, materials science, and perceptual psychology.

  • The sciences of biochemistry and molecular biology have made it possible to manipulate the genetic information found in living creatures.

Standard 15:
Agricultural and Related Biotechnologies
Benchmarks for Grades K–2
  • The use of technologies in agriculture makes it possible for food to be available year round and to conserve resources.

  • There are many different tools necessary to control and make up the parts of an ecosystem.

Benchmarks for Grades 3–5
  • Artificial ecosystems are human-made environments that are designed to function as a unit and are comprised of humans, plants, and animals.

  • Most agricultural waste can be recycled.

  • Many processes used in agriculture require different procedures, products, or systems.

Benchmarks for Grades 6–8
  • Technological advances in agriculture directly affect the time and number of people required to produce food for a large population.

  • A wide range of specialized equipment and practices is used to improve the production of food, fiber, fuel, and other useful products and in the care of animals.

  • Biotechnology applies the principles of biology to create commercial products or processes.



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