technology, teamwork and an innovative, out-of-the-box thinking exercise. These activities foster higher-order thinking and allow students to be assessed in areas that have historically been extremely difficult to gauge with standard paper-and-pencil exams. This type of assessment can be very expensive to administer, although Future City relies on volunteer judges local to the competition venue. The instrument does not allow for individual assessment, which may present accountability problems. Despite the detailed judge’s manual, it may be extremely difficult to grade such projects consistently.

Gallup Poll on What Americans Think About Technology (2001, 2004)



International Technology Education Association (ITEA), with funding from the National Science Foundation and National Aeronautics and Space Administration


Determine public knowledge and perceptions of technology to inform efforts to change and shape public views

What is measured

Public understanding, opinions, and attitudes about technology and technological literacy

Target population

American adults

Item format


Sample size

1,000 people in 2001; 800 in 2004

Frequency of administration

Twice, in 2001 and 2004


Contact ITEA, which commissioned the poll, at

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