FIGURE A-5 Type of study. (Same as Figure 2-3).

NOTE: Greater than minimal risk included any biomedical (nontherapeutic) study; any medical therapeutic study (regardless of the existence of a standard of care); any social/behavioral therapeutic study; and any nontherapeutic study involving a manipulation that the research assistant judged to involve potentially serious physical or emotional stress (e.g., long sleep deprivation). Not greater than minimal risk included any study based on review of administrative records; any program evaluation study; any nontherapeutic social/behavioral study that either involved no manipulation (e.g., innocuous questionnaires/surveys) or involved a manipulation that the research assistant judged did not involve potentially serious physical or emotional stress (e.g., long sleep deprivation).

Studies were largely focused on health status (43 percent) and personality characteristics (19 percent) (Figure A-6).

Facilities/Locations

More than half of the studies (53 percent) were conducted in prisons or jails (Figure A-7). Another large proportion of the studies (37 percent) were conducted in alternate settings, such as treatment programs or postincarceration settings (Figures A-7, A-8).



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