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  • The principle of prevention assures that measures to ensure the security of the city are organized first and foremost in the interests of threat prevention and carried out in advance in conjunction with the efficient increase in their volume and intensity.

  • The principle of reasonable sufficiency assures that measures to ensure the security of the city are planned and carried out with an eye to the reasonable adequacy of their volume, duration, and economic basis.

  • The principle of differentiation assures that the nature, volume, duration, and order of implementation of measures to ensure the security of the city corresponds to the special characteristics of each administrative region and city district, enterprise, organization, and company and guarantee the rational use of labor, material resources, and funds.

  • The principle of coordinated control ensures the security of the city based on a division of responsibilities between federal government entities, local government institutions, and the administrations of enterprises, organizations, and companies. It is based on a combination of centralism in control over the measures and obligatory active control for their implementation in all entities.

We hope that the results of our work in Washington, D.C., and New York City and our practical recommendations will be used in Russia and Moscow in implementing and further developing the principles that have been adopted for reducing the risks of terrorism.

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