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command and control a community is willing to accept in the creation of an effective response to terrorist threats. This requires a close dialogue between the exponents of the city’s civil values and the entities entrusted with the security of the city, to reach a modus operandi acceptable to both.


In brief, the extent to which different aspects of coordination and integration, such as those set forth in this paper, are carried out is a measure of the effectiveness of an urban security system. Coordination and integration are essential for reducing the probability and impact of terrorist attacks, but they are also essential for lessening the impact of natural disasters and for enhancing the long-term sustainability of a city.


Bugliarello, G. 2003. Urban Security in Perspective. Technology in Society, November, 25(4): 499–507.

Hall, R. 2004. Protecting the Home Front. University Research Helps Keep Us Safe from Threats from Abroad. Prism, October 2004:44.

NRC Committee on Science and Technology for Countering Terrorism. 2002. Making the National Safer: The Role of Science and Technology in Countering Terrorism. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.

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