Appendix A
Acronyms and Initialisms

3d-Var three-dimensional variational assimilation

4d-Var four-dimensional variational assimilation

ACE Advanced Composition Explorer

AFD Area Forecast Discussion

AHPS Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service

AMS American Meteorological Society

ASC ACE Science Center

AWC Aviation Weather Center

BMA Bayesian model averaging

BSE bovine spongiform encephalitis

CAS Constructed Analog on Soil moisture

CCA canonical correlation analysis

CCFP Collaborative Convective Forecast Product

CCMC Community Coordinated Modeling Center

CDC Climate Diagnostic Center

CFS Climate Forecast System

CISM Center for Integrated Space Weather Modeling

CMC Canadian Meteorological Centre

CNRFC California Nevada River Forecast Center

COLA Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies

CONUS Continental United States

CPC Climate Prediction Center

CRPS Continuous Ranked Probability Score

CTB Climate Test Bed

DA data assimilation

DART Data Assimilation Research Testbed

DTaP diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis

DTC Developmental Testbed Center

EC Equal Chances

ECMWF European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts

EMC Environmental Modeling Center

EMWIN Emergency Managers Weather Information Network

EnKF ensemble Kalman filters

EnKS ensemble Kalman smoothers

ENSO El Niño/Southern Oscillation

EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

ESP ensemble streamflow prediction

ESRL Earth System Research Laboratory

FNMOC Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center

FOS Family of Services

GFDL Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory

GMB EMC Global Climate and Weather Modeling Branch

GODAS Global Ocean Data Assimilation System

GSI Gridpoint Statistical Interpolation

HPC Hydrometeorological Prediction Center

HSS Heidke skill score

IFPS Interactive Forecast Preparation System

IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IRI International Research Institute

IWIN Interactive Weather Information Network

LAF Lagged Average Forecast

MDL Meteorological Development Laboratory

MMB EMC Mesoscale Modeling Branch

MOS Model Output Statistics

MST Minimum Spanning Tree

NAEFS North American Ensemble Forecasting System

NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research

NCDC National Climatic Data Center



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Completing the Forecast: Characterizing and Communicating Uncertainty for Better Decisions Using Weather and Climate Forecasts Appendix A Acronyms and Initialisms 3d-Var three-dimensional variational assimilation 4d-Var four-dimensional variational assimilation ACE Advanced Composition Explorer AFD Area Forecast Discussion AHPS Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service AMS American Meteorological Society ASC ACE Science Center AWC Aviation Weather Center BMA Bayesian model averaging BSE bovine spongiform encephalitis CAS Constructed Analog on Soil moisture CCA canonical correlation analysis CCFP Collaborative Convective Forecast Product CCMC Community Coordinated Modeling Center CDC Climate Diagnostic Center CFS Climate Forecast System CISM Center for Integrated Space Weather Modeling CMC Canadian Meteorological Centre CNRFC California Nevada River Forecast Center COLA Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies CONUS Continental United States CPC Climate Prediction Center CRPS Continuous Ranked Probability Score CTB Climate Test Bed DA data assimilation DART Data Assimilation Research Testbed DTaP diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis DTC Developmental Testbed Center EC Equal Chances ECMWF European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts EMC Environmental Modeling Center EMWIN Emergency Managers Weather Information Network EnKF ensemble Kalman filters EnKS ensemble Kalman smoothers ENSO El Niño/Southern Oscillation EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ESP ensemble streamflow prediction ESRL Earth System Research Laboratory FNMOC Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center FOS Family of Services GFDL Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory GMB EMC Global Climate and Weather Modeling Branch GODAS Global Ocean Data Assimilation System GSI Gridpoint Statistical Interpolation HPC Hydrometeorological Prediction Center HSS Heidke skill score IFPS Interactive Forecast Preparation System IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IRI International Research Institute IWIN Interactive Weather Information Network LAF Lagged Average Forecast MDL Meteorological Development Laboratory MMB EMC Mesoscale Modeling Branch MOS Model Output Statistics MST Minimum Spanning Tree NAEFS North American Ensemble Forecasting System NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research NCDC National Climatic Data Center

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Completing the Forecast: Characterizing and Communicating Uncertainty for Better Decisions Using Weather and Climate Forecasts NCEP National Centers for Environmental Prediction NDFD National Digital Forecast Database NDGD National Digital Guidance Database NGDC National Geophysical Data Center NHC National Hurricane Center NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOMADS National Operational Model Archive and Distribution System NSSL National Severe Storms Lab NWP numerical weather prediction NWS National Weather Service NWR NOAA Weather Radio NWWS NOAA Weather Wire Service OAR Oceanic and Atmospheric Research OCN Optimal Climate Normals OHD Office of Hydrologic Development PDA personal digital assistant PDD Product/Service Description Document PDF probability density function PoP Probability of Precipitation QPF quantitative precipitation forecast RAL NCAR Research Applications Laboratory RFC River Forecast Center RFC Regional Forecast Center RFP Request for Proposals RISA Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessment ROC Relative Operating Characteristic RPC Rapid Prototyping Center RPS Ranked Probability Score RSM Regional Spectral Model SAB Science Advisory Board SEC Space Environment Center SLP sea level pressure SMLR Screening Multiple Linear Regression SPC Storm Prediction Center SREF short-range ensemble forecast SSI NCEP Spectral Statistical Interpolation SST sea surface temperature TAF Terminal Aerodrome Forecast TAR IPCC Third Assessment Report THORPEX The Observing System Research and Predictability Experiment TIGGE THORPEX Interactive Grand Global Ensemble TPC Tropical Prediction Center USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture USGS U.S. Geological Survey WFO Weather Forecast Office WGNE Working Group on Numerical Experimentation WMO World Meteorological Organization WRF-AR Weather Research and Forecasting Advanced Research WRF-NMM Weather Research and Forecasting Nonhydrostatic Mesoscale Model WWRP World Weather Research Programme