FIGURE 5-1 Overview of interpretive options for biomonitoring data.

interpretive options for evaluating them. The options include descriptive approaches that involve comparisons among biomonitoring datasets and risk-based approaches that describe the degree of risk associated with a given biomonitoring result. Throughout this chapter and in Appendix B, case studies are used to illustrate the applications of biomonitoring data to understanding of risk. The case studies are intended solely as illustrations and are not judgments about the data or risks associated with the chemicals discussed.


Interpreting biomonitoring results depends on the availability of various types of information, including data on exposure, toxicity, and toxicokinetics. If toxicity information is unavailable, the results cannot be put into a risk

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