Schantz, S.L., J.C. Gardiner, D.M. Gasior, A.M. Sweeney, H.E. Humphrey, and R.J. McCaffrey. 1999. Motor functioning in aging Great Lakes fisheaters. Environ. Res. 80(2 Pt 2):S46-S56.

Schantz, S.L., D.M. Gasior, E. Polverejan, R.J. McCaffrey, A.M. Sweeney, H.E. Humphrey, and J.C. Gardiner. 2001. Impairments if memory and learning in older adults exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls via consumption of Great Lakes fish. Environ. Health Perspect. 109(6):605-611.

Schober, S. 2005. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES): Environmental Biomonitoring Measures, Interpretation of Results. Presented at the Second Meeting on Human Biomonitoring for Environmental Toxicants, April 28, 2005, Washington, DC.

Sexton, K., L.L. Needham, and J.L. Pirkle. 2004. Human biomonitoring of environmental chemicals: Measuring chemicals in human tissue is the “gold standard” for assessing the people’s exposure to pollution. Am. Sci. 92(1):39-45.

Statistics Canada. 2006. Canadian Health Measures Survey [online]. Available: http://www. [accessed April 11, 2006].

Stewart, P., J. Reihman, E. Lonky, T.J. Darvill, and J. Pagano. 2000. Prenatal PCB exposure and neonatal behavioral assessment scale (NBAS) performance. Neurotoxicol. Teratol. 22(1):21-29.

Stewart, P.W., J. Reihman, E.I. Lonky, T.J. Darvill, and J. Pagano. 2003. Cognitive development in preschool children prenatally exposed to PCBs and MeHg. Neurotoxicol. Teratol. 25(1):11-22.

Trasande, L., and P.J. Landrigan. 2004. The National Children’s Study: A critical national investment. Environ. Health. Perspect. 112(14):A789-A790.

Utah Department of Health. 2006. Environmental Public Health Tracking: Biomonitoring. Utah Department of Health, Office of Epidemiology [online]. Available: http://health. [accessed Jan. 18, 2006].

University of Copenhagen. 2005. ChildrenGenoNetwork, Background. Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen [online]. Available: rengeno_en/background/ [accessed Sept. 26, 2005].

WHO (World Health Organization). 2000. Interlaboratory Quality Assessment on Levels of PCBs, PCDDs, and PCDFs in Human Milk and Blood Plasma: Fourth Round of WHO-coordinated study. EUR/00/5020352, E70039. WHO European Centre for Environment and Health, Bilthoven [online]. Available: [accessed Nov. 23, 2005].

WHO (World Health Organization). 2005. Biomonitoring of Human Milk for Persistent Organic Pollutants (POP). World Health Organization [online]. Available: http://www. [accessed Dec. 20, 2005].

WWF (World Wildlife Fund). 2003. Contamination: The Results of WWF’s Biomonitoring Survey. WWF-UK. November 2003 [online]. Available: library/pdf/biomonitoringresults.pdf [accessed April 17, 2006].

WWF (World Wildlife Fund). 2004. Bad Blood? A Survey of Chemicals in the Blood of European Ministers. World Wildlife Fund [online]. Available: downloads/badbloodoctober2004.pdf [accessed April 17, 2006].

Zenick, H., and J. Griffith. 1995. The role of specimen banking in risk assessment. Environ. Health Perspect. 103(Suppl. 3):9-12.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement