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Controlling the Quantum World: The Science of Atoms, Molecules, and Photons
collaborations, exchange visits, and meetings and conferences. Theseinteractions promote excellent science, improve international understanding, and support the economic, educational, and national securityneeds of the United States.
Finally, the committee offers the following six recommendations, which as a whole form a strategy to fully realize the potential at the frontiers of AMO science.
Recommendation. In view of the critical importance of the physical sciencesto national economic strength, health care, defense, and domestic security,the federal government should embark on a substantially increased investment program to improve education in the physical sciences and mathematics at all levels and to strengthen significantly the research effort.
Recommendation. AMO science will continue to make exceptional contributions to many areas of science and technology. The federal governmentshould therefore support programs in AMO science across disciplinaryboundaries and through a multiplicity of agencies.
Recommendation. Basic research is a vital component of the nation’s defense strategy. The Department of Defense, therefore, should reverse recentdeclines in support for 6.1 research at its agencies.
Recommendation. The extremely rapid increase in the technical capabilityof scientific instrumentation and its cost has significantly increased pressures (over and above the usual Consumer Price Index inflationary pressures) on research budgets. The federal government should recognize thisfact and plan budgets accordingly.
Recommendation. Given the critical role of theoretical research in AMOscience, the funding agencies should reexamine their portfolios in this areato ensure that the effort is at proper strength in workforce and fundinglevels.
Recommendation. The federal government should implement incentives toencourage more U.S. students, especially women and minorities, to studythe physical sciences and take up careers in the field. It should continue toattract foreign students to study physical sciences and strongly encouragethem to pursue their scientific careers in the United States.