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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This project was supported by the Department of Energy under Award No. DE-FG02–04ER15610 and by the National Science Foundation under Award No. PHY-0443243. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the sponsors.

Cover: A purple laser beam slows erbium atoms (the purple beam traveling right to left) emerging from an oven at 1300°C, in preparation for trapping and cooling. SOURCE: National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Controlling the quantum world : the science of atoms, molecules, and photons/Committee on AMO 2010, Board on Physics and Astronomy, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,

p.cm.

Includes bibliographical references.

ISBN 978–0–309–10270–4 (pbk.)

1. Quantum theory. 2. Atoms. 3. Molecules. 4. Photons. I. National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Sciences 2010.

QC174.12.C67 2006

539—dc22

2007012182

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Copyright 2007 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America



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