South Africa Department of Health. (2005). National HIV and syphilis antenatal seroprevalence survey in South Africa, 2004. Pretoria: Author. Available: [accessed December 2004].

South Africa Department of Social Development. (2001). Mothers and fathers of the nation: The forgotten people? (Vol. 1, main report—Ministerial Committee on Abuse, Neglect, and Ill-treatment of Older Persons). Pretoria: Author. Available: [accessed March 2005].

Spiegel, A. (1987). Dispersing dependents: A response to the exigencies of labour migration in rural Transkei. In J. Eades (Ed.), Migrants, workers, and the social order (pp. 113-129). London, England: Tavistock.

Timaeus, I.M. (1999). Mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. In J. Chamie and R.L. Cliquet (Eds.), Health and mortality: Issues of global concern (pp. 108-131). New York: Population Division, United Nations and Population and Family Study Centre.

Townsend, N. (1997). Reproduction in anthropology and demography. In D. Kertzer and T. Fricke (Eds.), Anthropological demography: Toward a new synthesis (pp. 96-114). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

U.S. Census Bureau. (2005). International database. Available: (accessed August 26, 2005).

Van der Waal, C.S. (1996). Rural children and residential instability in the Northern Province of South Africa. Social Dynamics, 22(1), 31-54.

Walker, A.R. (2001). Changes in public health in South Africa from 1876. Journal of the Royal Society of Health, 121(2), 85-93.

Weltz, T., and Hosegood, V. (2003, December). Population-based HIV surveillance in the Hlabisa DSS, South Africa. Presented at Forum 7, Global Forum for Health Research, Geneva, Switzerland.

Wilkinson, D., Connolly, C., and Rotchford, K. (1999). Continued explosive rise in HIV prevalence among pregnant women in rural South Africa. Aids, 13(6), 740.

Wilson, A.O., and Adamchak, D.J. (2001). The grandmothers’ disease: The impact of AIDS on Africa’s older women. Age and Ageing, 30, 8-10.

Women’s Budget Initiative. (2003). What’s available? A guide to government grants and other support available to individuals and community groups. Cape Town, South Africa. Available: [accessed June 2005].

World Health Organization. (2002). The impact of AIDS on older persons in Africa. Geneva, Switzerland: Author.

Yamano, T., and Jayne, T.S. (2004). Measuring the impact of working-age adult mortality on small-scale farm households in Kenya. World Development, 32(1), 91-119.

Zimmer, Z., and Dayton, J. (2003). The living arrangements of older adults in sub-Saharan Africa in a time of HIV/AIDS. (Report No. 169). New York: The Population Council.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement