References

Aboderin, I. (2004). Decline in material family support for older people in urban Ghana, Africa: Understanding processes and causes of change. Journal of Gerontology, 59B(3), S128-S137.

Addae-Mensah, I. (2005). Challenges and opportunities of traditional/herbal medicine. Chapter 2 in K. Gyekye, E. Osae, and P. Effah (Eds.), Harnessing research, science, and technology for sustainable development in Ghana. Accra, Ghana: National Council for Tertiary Education.

Agesa, R. (2004). One family, two households: Rural to urban migration in Kenya. Review of Economics of the Household, 2, 161-178.

Agree, E., and Myers, G. (1998). Ageing research in Europe: Demographic, social, and behavioural aspects. Geneva, Switzerland: United Nations Economic Commission for Europe.

Alderman, H. (1999). Safety nets and income transfers in South Africa. (Discussion Paper No. 19335). Washington, DC: World Bank.

Apt, N.A. (1996). Coping with old age in a changing Africa: Social change and the elderly Ghanaian. Aldershot, England: Ashgate.

Ardington, E., and Lund, F. (1995). Pensions and development: Social security as complementary to programmes of reconstruction and development. Development Southern Africa, 12(4), 557-577.

Asamoah-Odei, E., Garcia Calleia, J.M., and Boerma, J.T. (2004, July). HIV prevalence and trends in sub-Saharan Africa: No decline and large subregional differences. Lancet, 364, 35-40.

Bailey, C. (2004). Extending social security coverage in Africa. (Working Paper, ESS No. 20). Geneva, Switzerland: International Labour Office.

Bailey, C., and Turner, C. (2002). Social security in Africa: A brief review. Journal of Aging and Social Policy, 14(1), 105-114.

Barrientos, A., Gorman, M., and Heslop, A. (2003). Old age poverty in developing countries: Contributions and dependence in later life. World Development, 31(3), 555-570.

Becker, C.M., and Grewe, C.D. (1996). Cohort-specific rural-urban migration in Africa. Journal of African Economics, 5(2), 228-270.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 46
References Aboderin, I. (2004). Decline in material family support for older people in urban Ghana, Africa: Understanding processes and causes of change. Journal of Gerontology, 59B(3), S128-S137. Addae-Mensah, I. (2005). Challenges and opportunities of traditional/herbal medicine. Chap- ter 2 in K. Gyekye, E. Osae, and P. Effah (Eds.), Harnessing research, science, and tech- nology for sustainable development in Ghana. Accra, Ghana: National Council for Ter- tiary Education. Agesa, R. (2004). One family, two households: Rural to urban migration in Kenya. Review of Economics of the Household, 2, 161-178. Agree, E., and Myers, G. (1998). Ageing research in Europe: Demographic, social, and behavioural aspects. Geneva, Switzerland: United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. Alderman, H. (1999). Safety nets and income transfers in South Africa. (Discussion Paper No. 19335). Washington, DC: World Bank. Apt, N.A. (1996). Coping with old age in a changing Africa: Social change and the elderly Ghanaian. Aldershot, England: Ashgate. Ardington, E., and Lund, F. (1995). Pensions and development: Social security as complemen- tary to programmes of reconstruction and development. Development Southern Africa, 12(4), 557-577. Asamoah-Odei, E., Garcia Calleia, J.M., and Boerma, J.T. (2004, July). HIV prevalence and trends in sub-Saharan Africa: No decline and large subregional differences. Lancet, 364, 35-40. Bailey, C. (2004). Extending social security coverage in Africa. (Working Paper, ESS No. 20). Geneva, Switzerland: International Labour Office. Bailey, C., and Turner, C. (2002). Social security in Africa: A brief review. Journal of Aging and Social Policy, 14(1), 105-114. Barrientos, A., Gorman, M., and Heslop, A. (2003). Old age poverty in developing countries: Contributions and dependence in later life. World Development, 31(3), 555-570. Becker, C.M., and Grewe, C.D. (1996). Cohort-specific rural-urban migration in Africa. Jour- nal of African Economics, 5(2), 228-270. 46

OCR for page 46
47 REFERENCES Behrman, J.R. (1997). Intrahousehold distribution and the family. In M.R. Rosenzweig and O. Stark (Eds.), Handbook of population and family economics (vol. 1A, pp. 125-187). Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier Science. Bertrand, M., Mullainathan, S., and Miller, D. (2003). Public policy and extended families: Evidence from pensions in South Africa. World Bank Economic Review, 17(1), 27-50. Börsch-Supan, A., Brugiavini, A., Jürges, H., Mackenbach, J., Siegrist, J., and Weber, G. (Eds.). (2005). Health, ageing and retirement in Europe: First results from the survey of health, ageing, and retirement in Europe. Mannheim, Germany: Mannheim Research Institute for the Economics of Aging. Case, A. (2001). Does money protect health status? Evidence from South African pensions. (NBER Working Paper No. 8495). Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. Case, A., and Deaton, A. (1998). Large cash transfers to the elderly in South Africa. The Economic Journal, 108, 1330-1361. Cash, R.A., and Rabin, T.L. (2002). Overview of ethical issues in collecting data in developing countries with special reference to longitudinal designs. In National Research Council, Leveraging longitudinal data in developing countries: Report of a workshop (pp. 75-94). Committee on Population, V.L. Durrant and J. Menken (Eds.). Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Chayanov, A.V. (1925). Peasant farm organization. Moscow: The Co-operative Publishing House. (Reprinted in D. Thorner, B. Kerblay, and R.E.F. Smith (Eds.). (1986). A.V. Chayanov on the theory of peasant economy. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.) Commission for Africa. (2005). Our common interest. Report of the Commission for Africa. London, England: Author. Cooper, R.S., Osotimehin, B., Kaufman, J.S., and Forrester, T. (1998). Disease burden in sub-Saharan Africa: What should we conclude in the absence of data? The Lancet, 351, 208-210. Dayton, J., and Ainsworth, M. (2004). The elderly and AIDS: Coping with the impact of adult death in Tanzania. Social Science and Medicine, 59, 2161-2172. de Savigny, D., Debpuur, C., Mwageni, E., Nathan R., Razzaque A., and Setel, P. (Eds.). (2005). Measuring health equity in small areas: Findings from demographic surveillance sites. Aldershot, England: Ashgate. Deaton, A., and Paxson, C.H. (1992). Patterns of aging in Thailand and Côte d’Ivoire. In D.A. Wise (Ed.), Topics in the economics of aging (pp. 163-206). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Deng, F.M. (1984). The Dinka of the Sudan. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press. Dhemba, J., Gumbo, P., and Nyamusara, J. (2002). Social security in Zimbabwe. Journal of Social Development in Africa, 17(2), 111-156. Duflo, E. (2003). Grandmothers and granddaughters: Old-age pensions and intrahousehold allocation in South Africa. World Bank Economic Review, 17(1), 1-25. Feachem, R.G.A., Kjellstrom, T., Murray, C.J.L., Over, M., and Phillips, M.A. (Eds.). (1992). The health of adults in the developing world. New York: Oxford University Press. Ferreira, M. (1999). Building and advancing African gerontology. Southern African Journal of Gerontology, 8(1), 1-3. Ferreira, M. (2003). The impact of South Africa’s social security system on traditional support systems: More generally, should we be looking backwards or forwards in Africa? In I.H. Goldenberg (Ed.), Sustainable structures in a society far all ages (pp. 22-23). New York: United Nations.

OCR for page 46
48 AGING IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA Fox, L., and Palmer, E. (2001). New approaches to multipillar pension systems: What in the world is going on? Chapter 3 in R. Holzmann and J.E. Stiglitz (Eds.), New ideas about old age security: Towards sustainable pension systems in the 21st century. Washington, DC: World Bank. Garcia, A.B., and Gruat, J.V. (2003). Social protection: A life cycle continuum investment for social justice, poverty reduction, and sustainable development. (Working Paper). Geneva, Switzerland: International Labour Office. Gillian, C., Turner, J., Bailey, C., and Latulippe, D. (2000). Social security pensions: Develop- ment and reform. Geneva, Switzerland: International Labour Office. Gwatkin, D.R., Guillot, M., and Heuveline, P. (1999). The burden of disease among the global poor. The Lancet, 354(9188), 1477. Hermalin, A.I. (Ed.). (2002). The well-being of the elderly in Asia: A four-country comparative study. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. House, W.J. (1991). The nature and determinants of socioeconomic inequality among peasant households in southern Sudan. World Development, 19(7), 867-884. House, W.J., and Phillips-Howard, K. (1990). Socio-economic differentiation among African peasants: Evidence from Acholi, Southern Sudan. Journal of International Development, 2(1), 77-109. Internal Displacement Monitoring Center. (2006). Internal displacement: Global overview of trends and developments in 2005. Geneva, Switzerland: Norwegian Refugee Council. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. (2006). Report on the global AIDS epidemic: Executive summary. Geneva, Switzerland: Author. Kakwani, N., and Subbarao, K. (2005). Ageing and poverty in Africa and the role of social pensions. (International Poverty Centre, Working Paper No. 8). New York: United Na- tions Development Programme. Kalasa, B. (2001). Population and ageing in Africa: A policy dilemma? Paper presented at the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population’s XXIV General Population Conference, August 18-24, Salvador de Bahia, Brazil. Kaseke, E. (2004). An overview of formal and informal social security systems in Africa. Paper presented at the National Academy of Sciences and University of the Witwatersrand Workshop on Aging in Africa, July 27-29, Johannesburg, South Africa. Kasente, D., Asingwire, N., Banugire, F., and Kyomuhenda, S. (2002). Social security in Uganda. Journal of Social Development in Africa, 17(2), 157-184. Kimuyu, P.K. (1999). Rotating saving and credit associations in rural East Africa. World Development, 27(7), 1299-1308. Knight, J.B., and Sabot, R.H. (1990). Education, productivity, and inequality: The East Afri- can natural experiment. Washington, DC: Oxford University Press for the World Bank. Knodel, J. (2005). Researching the impact of the AIDS epidemic on older-age parents in Af- rica: Lessons from studies in Thailand. Generations Review: Journal of the British Soci- ety of Gerontology, 15(2), 16-22. Knodel, J., Watkins, S., and VanLandingham, M. (2003). AIDS and older persons: An interna- tional perspective. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, 33, S153-S165. Laxminarayan, R., Chow, J., and Shahid-Salles, S.A. (2006). Intervention cost-effectiveness: Overview of main messages. In D.T. Jamison, J.G. Breman, A.R. Measham, G. Alleyne, M. Claeson, D.B. Evans, P. Jha, A. Mills, and P. Musgrove (Eds.), Disease control priori- ties in developing countries (pp. 35-86). New York: Oxford University Press for the World Bank. Lopez, A.D., Mathers, C.D., Ezzati, M., Jamison, D.T., and Murray, C.J.L. (Eds.). (2006). Global burden of disease and risk factors. New York: Oxford University Press for the World Bank.

OCR for page 46
49 REFERENCES Lucas, R.E.B., and Stark, O. (1985). Motivations to remit: Evidence from Botswana. Journal of Political Economy, 93(5), 910-918. Makiwane, M., Schneider, M., and Gopane, M. (2004). Experiences and needs of older per- sons in Mpumalanga. Report written for Human Science Research Council and Depart- ment of Health and Social Services, Mpumalanga, South Africa. Makoni, S., and Stroeken, K. (2002). Ageing in Africa: Sociologinguistic and anthropological approaches. Aldershot, England: Ashgate. Marshall, M.G., and Gurr, T.R. (2005). Peace and conflict 2005: A global survey of armed conflicts, self-determination movements, and democracy. College Park, MD: Center for International Development and Conflict Management. Mathers, C.D., Salomon, J.A., Ezzati, M., Begg, S., Vander Hoom, S., and Lopez, A.D. (2006). Sensitivity and uncertainty analyses for burden of disease and risk factor estimates. In A.D. Lopez, C.D. Mathers, M. Ezzati, D.T. Jamison, and C.J.L. Murray (Eds.), Global burden of disease and risk factors (pp. 399-426). New York: Oxford University Press for the World Bank. Mba, C. (2002). Determinants of living arrangements of Lesotho’s elderly female population. Journal of International Women’s Studies, 3(2), 1-22. McCabe, J.T. (2004). Cattle bring us to our enemies. Turkana ecology, politics, and raiding in a disequilibrium system. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. Mchomvu, A.S.T., Tungaraza, F., and Maghimbi, S. (2002). Social security systems in Tanza- nia. Journal of Social Development in Africa, 17(2), 11-63. Montgomery, M.R., Gragnolati, M., Burke, K.A., and Paredes, E. (2000). Measuring living standards with proxy variables. Demography, 37(2), 155-174. Mukuka, L., Kalikiti, W., and Musenge, D. (2002). Social security systems in Zambia. Journal of Social Development in Africa, 17(2), 65-110. Murray, C.J.L., and Evans, D.B. (Eds.). (2003). Health systems performance assessment: De- bates, methods, and empiricism. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. Murray, C.J.L., and Lopez, A.D. (Eds.). (1996). The global burden of disease. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Murray, C.J.L., Tandon, A., Salomon, J.A., Mathers, C.D., and Sadana, R. (2002). New ap- proaches to enhance cross-population comparability of survey results. In C.J.L. Murray, J.A. Salomon, C.D. Mathers, and A.D. Lopez (Eds.), Summary measures of population health: Concepts, ethics, measurement, and applications (pp. 421-431). Geneva, Switzer- land: World Health Organization. Murray, C.J.L., Özaltin, E., Tandon, A., Salomon, J.A., Sadana, R., and Chatterji, S. (2003). Empirical evaluation of the anchoring vignette approach in health systems. In C.L.J. Murray and D.R. Evans (Eds.), Health systems performance assessment: Debates, meth- ods, and empiricism (pp. 369-399). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. National Bureau of Statistics (Tanzania). (2002). Household budget survey, 2000/2001. Dares Salaam, Tanzania: Author. National Research Council. (1996). Preventing and mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and data priorities for the social and behavioral sciences. Panel on Data and Research Priorities for Arresting AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa. B. Cohen and J. Trussell (Eds.). Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. (2001). Preparing for an aging world: The case for cross-national research. Panel on a Research Agenda and New Data for an Aging World. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. (2005). Growing up global: The chang- ing transitions to adulthood in developing countries. Panel on Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries. C.B. Lloyd (Ed.). Committee on Population and Board on Chil- dren, Youth, and Families. Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

OCR for page 46
50 AGING IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA National Statistics Office (Malawi). (2005). Malawi second integrated household survey (HIS- 2), 2004-2005. Zomba, Malawi: Author. Nyambedha, E.O., Wandibba, S., and Aagaard-Hansen, L. (2003). Changing patterns of or- phan care due to the HIV epidemic in western Kenya. Social Science and Medicine, 57, 301-311. Omram, A.R. (1971). The epidemiological transition: A theory of the epidemiology of popula- tion change. Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly, 49, 509-538. Peachey, K., and Nhongo, T. (2004). From piecemeal action to integrated solutions: The need for policies on ageing and older people in Africa. Paper presented at the National Acad- emy of Sciences and University of the Witwatersrand Workshop on Aging in Africa, July 27-29, Johannesburg, South Africa. Porter, E., Robinson, G., Smyth, M., Schnabel, A., and Osaghae, E. (2005). Researching con- flict in Africa: Insights and experiences. Tokyo, Japan: United Nations University Press. Posel, D., Fairburn, J.A., and Lund, F. (2004). Labour migration and households: A reconsid- eration of the effects of the social pension on labour supply in South Africa. Paper pre- sented at the National Academy of Sciences and University of the Witwatersrand Work- shop on Aging in Africa, July 27-29, Johannesburg, South Africa. Poullier, J.P., Hernandez, P., and Kawabata, K. (2003). National health accounts: Concepts, data sources, and methodology. In C.J.L. Murray and D.R. Evans (Eds.), Health systems performance assessment: Debates, methods, and empiricism (pp. 185-193). Geneva, Swit- zerland: World Health Organization. Poullier, J.P., Hernandez, P., Kawabata, K., and Savedoff, W.D. (2003). Patterns of global health expenditures: Results for 191 countries. In C.J.L. Murray and D.R. Evans (Eds.), Health systems performance assessment: Debates, methods, and empiricism (pp. 195- 203). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. Rapoport, B. (2004). Why do African households give hospitality to relatives? Review of Economics of the Household, 2, 179-202. Rowntree, B.S. (1901). Poverty: A study of town life. London, England: Macmillan. Salomon, J.A., Tandon, A., and Murray, C.J.L. (2003). Unpacking health perceptions using anchoring vignettes. In C.L.J. Murray and D.R. Evans (Eds.), Health systems perfor- mance assessment: Debates, methods, and empiricism (pp. 401-407). Geneva, Switzer- land: World Health Organization. SASPI Team. (2004). The social diagnostics of stroke-like symptoms: Healers, doctors, and prophets in Agincourt, Limpopo Province, South Africa. Journal of Biomedical Science, 36, 433-443. Stark, O. (1991). The migration of labor. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell. Stark, O. (1995). Altruism and beyond: An economic analysis of transfers and exchanges within families and groups. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. Thomas, D., and Frankenberg, E. (2002). The measurement and interpretation of health in social surveys. In C.J.L. Murray, J.A. Salomon, C.D. Mathers, and A.D. Lopez (Eds.), Summary measures of population health: Concepts, ethics, measurement, and applica- tions (pp. 387-420). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. Todaro, M.P. (1969). A model of labor migration and urban unemployment in less developed countries. American Economic Review, 49, 138-148. Tollman, S. (2004). Establishing long-term research partnerships: Aligning rhetoric and real- ity. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 32, 1-3. Tollman, S., Doherty, J., and Mulligan, J.A. (2006). General primary care. In D.T. Jamison, J.G. Breman, A.R. Measham, G. Alleyne, M. Claeson, D.B. Evans, P. Jha, A. Mills, and P. Musgrove (Eds.), Disease control priorities in developing countries (pp. 1193-1209). Washington, DC: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the World Bank.

OCR for page 46
51 REFERENCES Toulmin, C. (2006). Securing land rights for the poor in Africa: Key to growth, peace, and sustainable development. Paper prepared for the High Level Commission on the Legal Empowerment of the Poor. New York: United Nations. United Nations. (2005). World population prospects: The 2004 revision highlights. New York: United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. United Nations. (2006). List of least developed countries. New York: Author. Available: http:/ /www.un.org/special-rep/ohrlls/ldc/list.htm [accessed April 25, 2006]. United Nations High Commission for Refugees. (2006). The state of the world’s refugees: Human displacement in the new millennium. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. Üstün, T.B., Chatterji, S., Mechbal, A., Murray, C.J.L., and WHS Collaborating Groups. (2003). The world health surveys. In C.J.L. Murray and D.R. Evans (Eds.), Health sys- tems performance assessment: Debates, methods, and empiricism (pp. 797-808). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. van de Walle, E. (Ed.). (2006). African households: Censuses and surveys. London, England: M.E. Sharpe. van Zyl, E. (2003). Old age pensions in South Africa. International Social Security Review, 56, 3-4. Williams, A. (2003). Ageing and poverty in Africa: Ugandan livelihoods in a time of HIV/ AIDS. Aldershot, England: Ashgate. Williams, A., and Tumwekwase, G. (2001). Multiple impacts of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on the aged in rural Uganda. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 16, 221-236. Willis, R.J. (1999). Theory confronts data: How the HRS is shaped by the economics of aging and how the economics of aging will be shaped by the HRS. Labour Economics, 6(2), 119-145. World Bank. (2005). World development indicators 2005. Washington, DC: Author. World Bank. (2006a). Global monitoring report 2006. Washington, DC: Author. World Bank. (2006b). Global economic prospects 2006: Economic implications of remittances and migration. Washington, DC: Author. World Health Organization. (2002). Impact of AIDS on older people in Africa: Zimbabwe case study. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. Zimmer, Z., and Dayton, J. (2005). Older adults in sub-Saharan Africa living with children and grandchildren. Population Studies, 59(3), 295-312.

OCR for page 46