BOX 2-1

Components of Fluency with Information Technology

Intellectual Capabilities

  1. Engage in sustained reasoning.

  2. Manage complexity.

  3. Test a solution.

  4. Manage problems in faulty solutions.

  5. Organize and navigate information structures and evaluate information.

  6. Collaborate.

  7. Communicate to other audiences.

  8. Expect the unexpected.

  9. Anticipate changing technologies.

  10. Think about information technology abstractly.

Information Technology Concepts

  1. Computers.

  2. Information systems.

  3. Networks.

  4. Digital representation of information.

  5. Information organization.

  6. Modeling and abstraction.

  7. Algorithmic thinking and programming.

  8. Universality.

  9. Limitations of information technology.

  10. Societal impact of information and information technology.

Information Technology Skills

  1. Setting up a personal computer.

  2. Using basic operating system features.

  3. Using a word processor to create a text document.

  4. Using a graphics and/or artwork package to create illustrations, slides, or other image-based expressions of ideas.

  5. Connecting a computer to a network.

  6. Using the Internet to find information and resources.

  7. Using a computer to communicate with others.

  8. Using a spreadsheet to model simple processes or financial tables.

  9. Using a database system to set up and access useful information.

  10. Using instructional materials to learn how to use new applications or features.

SOURCE: National Research Council (1999).

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