TABLE 4-4 State Legislation Relevant to Childhood Obesity, 2003–2005

Topic

Description

Billsa # adopted/ # introduced (% adopted)

Resolutionsb # adopted/ # introduced (% adopted)

School Environment

Nutrition Standards, Vending Machines

Provide students with nutritious food and beverage items. Restrict access to vending machines and competitive foods. Regulate marketing of foods and beverages with minimal nutritional value. Report nutritional information and vending machine revenue.

27/213

(13%)

9/25

(36%)

Physical Education, Physical Activity

Ensure that schools have a physical education (PE) program. Set time and frequency for PE classes. Restrict substitutions and waivers for PE. Promote physical activity in other classes.

26/165

(16%)

14/26

(54%)

Health Education

Ensure that schools include nutrition, physical activity, and obesity prevention in health education curriculum.

12/68

(18%)

3/5

(60%)

Curriculum for Health and Physical Education Classes

Govern changes to the state’s curriculum related to health, nutrition, and physical education. Require set hours of PE per week. Establish graduation requirements.

9/61

(15%)

2/7

(29%)

Local Authority

Provide local districts with the ability to set policies and create committees that focus on reducing the prevalence of obesity among school-age children through the regulation of low-nutrient food and beverages and physical activity requirements.

12/58

(21%)

1/4

(25%)

Safe Routes to School

Provide bicycle facilities, sidewalks, crossing guards, and traffic-calming measures to enable children to bicycle or walk safely to school.

12/43

(28%)

3/4

(75%)

Body Mass Index (BMI)

Require or allow schools to measure, monitor, and report student’s BMI in conjunction with intervention strategies to help reduce childhood obesity.

8/37

(50%)

1/2

(22%)

Model School Policies

Require state agencies or state education officials to develop model school policies relating to nutrition and physical education.

4/14

(29%)

1/1

(100%)



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