TABLE 7-1 Overview of Surveillance and Monitoring Systems

Surveillance System

Description

School Health Policies and Programs Study (SHPPS)

SHPPS has been conducted every six years by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) since 1994. SHPPS provides state, school district, school, and classroom information that is aggregated at the national and state levels. Of greatest relevance to childhood obesity prevention are the sets of questions about health education, physical education and activity, food service, and school policy and the school environment.

School Health Profiles (SHP)

SHP is a biennial survey, which CDC has conducted since 1994, of a representative sample of middle and senior high schools in a state or school district. Principals and health education teachers are asked to respond to surveys that encompass a range of school health issues.

Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS)

YRBSS collects self-reported data on the risk behaviors primarily of 9th- to 12th-grade students, and has been conducted every two years since 1991. CDC provides technical assistance to states and municipalities that conduct the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) at state or local levels concurrent to CDC conducting the YRBS at the national level. In 2005, weighted results (requiring a 60 percent or higher response rate) were collected for 40 states and 21 school districts (Eaton et al., 2006).

School Nutrition Dietary Assessment Study (SNDA)

SNDA has been conducted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in the 1991–1992 and 1998–1999 school years and data for SNDAS III were collected in the 2005 school year. The study examines calorie content, fat content, pricing, student participation, and other elements of school food sales for a nationally representative sample of elementary, middle, and high schools.

School Health Index (SHI)

The School Health Index (SHI), developed and promoted by CDC, is an eight-module assessment tool aimed at assisting individual schools examine and evaluate their comprehensive school health and safety policies. Two sets of SHI modules—one for elementary schools and the other for middle and high schools—have been developed.

WIC Reauthorization Act (Public Law 108-265) was initiated and passed by Congress in 2004 and requires school districts participating in the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) or School Breakfast Program (SBP) to establish local school wellness policies by the beginning of the 2006–2007 school year (CNWICRA, 2004). Local school wellness policies address a



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement