Collaboration can range from informal ad hoc activities to more planned, organized, and formalized ways of working together.

Collective Efficacy The willingness of community members to look out for each other and intervene when problems arise.

Community A social entity that can be either spatial, based on where people live in local neighborhoods, residential districts, or municipalities, or relational, based on common ethnic, cultural, or other characteristics or similar interests.

Community Readiness In broad terms, the community’s awareness of, interest in, and ability to support policies, programs, and initiatives.

Community Youth Mapping A tool that young people can use to explore their communities. In this process, youth and adults document, analyze, and disseminate information on community resources, issues, and gaps in available resources. Community youth mapping provides opportunities for meaningful involvement by youth and adults as well as the development of skills, including public speaking, data collection, entry, and analysis; oral and written communications; knowledge about community resources; and conflict resolution.

Competitive Foods Foods and beverages other than meals and snacks offered at schools through the federally reimbursed National School Lunch Program, School Breakfast Program, and after-school snack programs. Competitive foods include food and beverage items sold through á la carte lines, snack bars, student stores, vending machines, and school fundraisers.

Confounder A factor that may cause or prevent a desired outcome that is associated with a factor under investigation and that does not represent an intermediate variable.

Context The set of factors or circumstances that surrounds a situation or event and that gives meaning to its interpretation; the broader environment in which a program operates.

Coordination The process of seeking concurrence from one or more groups, organizations, or agencies regarding a proposal or an activity for which they share some responsibility and that may result in contributions from each of the entities.



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