AIS (Atlantic Information Services, Inc.). 2004. Case Studies in Health Plan Pay-for-Performance Programs. Washington, DC: AIS.

AMA (American Medical Association). 2005. Position Statement from the American Medical Association: Pay-for-Performance Principles and Guidelines. [Online]. Available: [accessed June 12, 2006].

Apland BA, Amundson GM. 2005. Financial incentives: An indispensable element for quality improvement. Patient Safety and Quality Healthcare 2(5):6–8.

Bailit Health Purchasing LLC. 2002. Provider Incentive Models for Improving Quality of Care. Washington, DC: Academy for Health Services Research and Health Policy.

Baker G, Carter B. 2005. Provider Pay-for-Performance Incentive Programs: 2004 National Study Results. San Francisco, CA: Med-Vantage, Inc.

CMS (Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services). 2005. CMS Fact Sheet. [Online]. Available:’Physician%20Group%20Practice%20Demonstration’ [accessed March 2, 2006].

de Brantes F, Galvin RS, Lee TH. 2003. Bridges to excellence: Building a business case for quality care. Journal of Clinical Outcomes Management 10(8):439–446.

Fisher ES, Wennberg DE, Stukel TA, Gottlieb DJ, Lucas FL, Pinder EL. 2003. The implications of regional variations in Medicare spending. Part 1: The content, quality, and accessibility of care. Annals of Internal Medicine 138(4):273–287.

IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2001. Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

IOM. 2003. Priority Areas for National Action: Transforming Health Care Quality. Adams K, Corrigan JM, eds. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

MedPAC (Medicare Payment Advisory Commission). 2005. MedPAC Data Runs. Washington, DC: MedPAC.

MedPAC. 2006. Report to the Congress: Medicare Payment Policy. Washington, DC: MedPAC.

Nussbaum S. 2005. Testimony to Medicare Payment Advisory Commission. [Online]. Available: [accessed August 2, 2006].

Roland M. 2004. Linking physicians’ pay to the quality of care: A major experiment in the United Kingdom. New England Journal of Medicine 351(14):1448–1454.

Rosenthal MB, Fernandopulle R, Song HR, Landon B. 2004. Paying for quality: Providers’ incentives for quality improvement. Health Affairs 23(2):127–141.

Smith PC, York N. 2004. Quality incentives: The case of U.K. general practitioners—An ambitious U.K. quality improvement initiative offers the potential for enormous gains in the quality of primary health care. Health Affairs 23(3):112–118.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement