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Adler, R. F., A. J. Negri, P. R. Keehn, and I. M. Hakkarinen. 1992. Estimation of monthly rainfall over Japan and surrounding waters from a combination of low-orbit microwave and geosynchronous IR data. Journal of Applied Meteorology 32:335-356.

Adler, R. F., G. J. Huffman, D. T. Bolvin, S. Curtis, and E. J. Nelkin. 2000. Tropical rainfall distributions determined using TRMM combined with other satellite and rain gauge information. Journal of Applied Meteorology 39(12):2007-2023.

Adler, R. F., C. Kummerow, D. Bolvin, S. Curtis, and C. Kidd. 2003. Status of TRMM monthly estimates of tropical precipitation. In Symposium on Cloud Systems, Hurricanes and TRMM, W.-K. Tao and R. Adler, eds. Meteorological Monographs 29(51):223-234.

Adler, R., A. Hou, J. Halverson, E. Stocker, and V. Moran. 2005. NASA Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission Senior Review Proposal. Greenbelt, MD: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.

Anagnostou, E. N., C. A. Morales, and T. Dinku. 2001. The use of TRMM precipitation radar observations in determining ground radar calibration biases. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 18(4):616-628.

Andersson, E., P. Bauer, A. Beljaars, F. Chevallier, E. Holm, M. Janiskova, P. Kallberg, G. Kelly, P. Lopez, A. McNally, E. Moreau, A. J. Simmons, J. N. Thepaut, and A. M. Tompkins. 2005. Assimilation and modeling of the atmospheric hydrological cycle in the ECMWF forecasting system. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 86:387-402.

Arkin, P. A. 1979. The relationship between fractional coverage of high cloud and rainfall accumulations during GATE over the B-scale array. Monthly Weather Review 32:1382-1387.

Arkin, P. A., and B. N. Meisner. 1987. The relationship between large-scale convective rainfall and cold cloud over the western hemisphere during 1982-1984. Monthly Weather Review 115: 51-74.

Ba, M. B., and A. Gruber. 2001. GOES multispectral rainfall algorithm (GMSRA). Journal of Applied Meteorology 40:1500-1514.

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Bauer, P. 2005. International Perspective on Future Precipitation Measuring Missions. Presented to the National Academies Committee on the Future of Rainfall Measuring Missions, Washing-ton, D.C., October 19, 2005.



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Noaa's Role in Space-Based Global Precipitation Estimation and Application References Adler, R. F., A. J. Negri, P. R. Keehn, and I. M. Hakkarinen. 1992. Estimation of monthly rainfall over Japan and surrounding waters from a combination of low-orbit microwave and geosynchronous IR data. Journal of Applied Meteorology 32:335-356. Adler, R. F., G. J. Huffman, D. T. Bolvin, S. Curtis, and E. J. Nelkin. 2000. Tropical rainfall distributions determined using TRMM combined with other satellite and rain gauge information. Journal of Applied Meteorology 39(12):2007-2023. Adler, R. F., C. Kummerow, D. Bolvin, S. Curtis, and C. Kidd. 2003. Status of TRMM monthly estimates of tropical precipitation. In Symposium on Cloud Systems, Hurricanes and TRMM, W.-K. Tao and R. Adler, eds. Meteorological Monographs 29(51):223-234. Adler, R., A. Hou, J. Halverson, E. Stocker, and V. Moran. 2005. NASA Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission Senior Review Proposal. Greenbelt, MD: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Anagnostou, E. N., C. A. Morales, and T. Dinku. 2001. The use of TRMM precipitation radar observations in determining ground radar calibration biases. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 18(4):616-628. Andersson, E., P. Bauer, A. Beljaars, F. Chevallier, E. Holm, M. Janiskova, P. Kallberg, G. Kelly, P. Lopez, A. McNally, E. Moreau, A. J. Simmons, J. N. Thepaut, and A. M. Tompkins. 2005. Assimilation and modeling of the atmospheric hydrological cycle in the ECMWF forecasting system. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 86:387-402. Arkin, P. A. 1979. The relationship between fractional coverage of high cloud and rainfall accumulations during GATE over the B-scale array. Monthly Weather Review 32:1382-1387. Arkin, P. A., and B. N. Meisner. 1987. The relationship between large-scale convective rainfall and cold cloud over the western hemisphere during 1982-1984. Monthly Weather Review 115: 51-74. Ba, M. B., and A. Gruber. 2001. GOES multispectral rainfall algorithm (GMSRA). Journal of Applied Meteorology 40:1500-1514. Barrett, E. C., and M. J. Beaumont. 1994. Satellite rainfall monitoring: An overview. Remote Sensing Reviews 11:23-48. Bauer, P. 2005. International Perspective on Future Precipitation Measuring Missions. Presented to the National Academies Committee on the Future of Rainfall Measuring Missions, Washing-ton, D.C., October 19, 2005.

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Noaa's Role in Space-Based Global Precipitation Estimation and Application Bauer, P., P. Lopez, A. Benedetti, D. Salmond, and E. Moreau. 2006a. Implementation of 1D+4D-Var assimilation of precipitation-affected microwave radiances at ECMWF, Part I: 1D-Var. ECMWF Technical Memorandum No. 487. Reading, UK: European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF). Bauer, P., P. Lopez, A. Benedetti, D. Salmond, S. Saarinen, and M. Bonazzola. 2006b. Implementation of 1D+4D-Var assimilation of precipitation-affected microwave radiances at ECMWF, Part II: 4D-Var. ECMWF Technical Memorandum No. 488. Reading, UK: European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF). Benedetti, A., P. Lopez, P. Bauer, and E. Moreau. 2005. Experimental use of TRMM precipitation radar observations in 1D+4D-Var assimilation. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 131:2473-2495. Bennartz, R., and R. Ferraro, eds. 2005. Report on the IPWG/GPM/GRP Workshop on Global Microwave Modeling and Retrieval of Snowfall. October 11-13, 2005. University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI. Available at http://www.isac.cnr.it/~ipwg/meetings/madison/ipwg_snowfall_workshop_report.pdf. Accessed June 11, 2006. Berg, W., T. L’Ecuyer, and C. Kummerow. 2006. Rainfall climate regimes: The relationship of regional TRMM rainfall biases to the environment. Journal of Applied Meteorology 45:434-454. Bidwell, S. W., J. F. Durning, D. F. Everett, M. R. Schwaller, E. A. Smith, and D. B. Wolff. 2004. Preparations for Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Ground Validation. Presented at International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), Anchorage, Alaska, September 20-24. Bringi, V. N., and V. Chandrasekar. 2001. Polarimetric Doppler Weather Radar: Principles and Applications. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Chandrasekar, V., S. M. Bolen, and E. Gorgucci. 2003a. Microphysical cross validation of spaceborne radar and ground polarimetric radar. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 41(10):2153-2165. Chandrasekar, V., R. Meneghini, and I. Zawadzki. 2003b. Global and local precipitation measurements by radar. Meteorological Monographs (AMS) 30(52):215. Chandrasekar, V., W. Li, and B. Zafar. 2005. Estimation of raindrop size distribution from space borne radar observations. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 43(5):1078-1086. Crow, W. T., R. Bindlish, and T. J. Jackson. 2005. The added value of spaceborne passive microwave soil moisture retrievals for forecasting rainfall-runoff partitioning. Geophysical Research Letters 32:L18401. Dabberdt, W. F., T. W. Schlatter, F. H. Carr, E. W. J. Friday, D. Jorgensen, S. Koch, M. Pirone, F. M. Ralph, J. Sun, P. Welsh, J. W. Wilson, and X. Zou. 2005. Multifunctional mesoscale observing networks. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 86(7):961-982. Dittberner, G. 2005. The Future of Rainfall Measuring Missions: Context and Sponsor Remarks. Presented to the National Academies Committee on the Future of Rainfall Measuring Missions, Washington, D.C., October 18, 2005. Dittberner, G. 2006. GPM Transition to Operations. Presented to the National Academies Committee on the Future of Rainfall Measuring Missions, Irvine, CA, February 28, 2006. Drusch, M., E. F. Wood, and H. Gao. 2005. Observation operators for the direct assimilation of TRMM microwave imager retrieved soil moisture. Geophysical Research Letters 32:L15403. Ferraro, R. 2006. Operational Uses for Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Data at NOAA. Presented to the National Academies Committee on the Future of Rainfall Measuring Missions, Irvine, CA, February 28, 2006. Ferraro, R., P. Pellegrino, M. Turk, W. Chen, S. Qiu, R. Kuligowski, S. Kusselson, A. Irving, S. Kidder, and J. Knaff. 2005. The Tropical Rainfall Potential. Part 2: Validation. Weather and Forecasting 20:465-475.

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