Appendixes



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Once, Only Once, and in the Right Place: Residence Rules in the Decennial Census Appendixes

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Once, Only Once, and in the Right Place: Residence Rules in the Decennial Census –A– Residence Rules of the 2000 Census HOUSEHOLD POPULATION Rule 1 Person lives in this household but is temporarily absent on Census Day on a visit, business trip, vacation, or in connection with a job (e.g., bus driver, traveling salesperson, boat operator). This includes foreign nationals whose usual place of residence is in the U.S. and American citizens traveling overseas.   Count person at: This household Rule 2 Person has multiple residences and, as of Census Day, travels between one residence and another on a “weekly cycle,” a “monthly cycle,” a “yearly cycle,” or some other cycle (e.g., commuter workers, “snow-birds,” and children in joint custody situations).   Count person at: The residence where they spend most of time during the week, month, or year, etc. If an individual cannot identify such a place for himself/herself, count him/her at the residence where he/she was on Census Day. (See “Guiding Principles” attached for more information [Box A-1].) Rule 3 Person lives in this household, but is in a general or Veterans Affairs hospital on Census Day. Including newborn babies who have not yet been brought home.   Count person at: This household, unless in a psychiatric or chronic disease hospital ward, or a hospital or ward for the mentally retarded,

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Once, Only Once, and in the Right Place: Residence Rules in the Decennial Census Box A-1 Guiding Principles for the Residence Rules as They Apply to Individual(s) with Multiple Residences The following provides guidance for determining “usual residence” for an individual with more than one residence. Weekly Cycle If a person is on a “weekly cycle,” he/she should be counted at the residence where he/she spends most of their time during the week. For example: Some individuals live part of the week at a residence near where they work, and live at their “family home” the rest of the week. We consider these people to be on a “weekly cycle,” and they should be counted at the residence where they spend most of their time during the week (e.g., commuter workers). Monthly Cycle If a person is on a “monthly cycle,” he/she should be counted at the residence where he/she spends most of his/her time during the month. For example: Some children live with one parent for one week out of the month and the other parent the remaining three weeks during the month. We consider these individuals to be on a “monthly cycle” and they should be counted at the residence where they spend most of their time during the month (e.g., children in joint custody situations). Yearly Cycle If a person is on a “yearly cycle,” he/she should be counted at the residence where he/she spends most of his/her time during the year. For example: Some individuals live in one state during the spring, summer, and fall, but move to a state in a warmer climate during the winter months (“snowbirds”). We consider these people to be on a “yearly cycle,” and they should be counted at the residence where they spend most of their time during the year. Some college students live at the college during the school year and at the “family home” during holidays or the summer. We consider these people to be on a “yearly cycle,” and they should be counted at the residence where they spend most of their time during the year. No Clearly Defined Cycle If a person is on no clearly defined “cycle,” he/she should be counted at the residence where he/she was on Census Day. For example: Temporary workers may establish another residence for an undefined period of time for work. We consider these people to be on an “undefined cycle,” and they should be counted at the residence where they were on Census Day. Time Split Equally Among Two or More Residences No matter what the cycle, if time is split equally among multiple residences, a person should be counted at the place where he/she was on Census Day.

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Once, Only Once, and in the Right Place: Residence Rules in the Decennial Census   the physically handicapped, or drug/alcohol abuse patients. If so, the person should be counted in the hospital. Rule 4 Person is a member of the U.S. Armed Forces stationed on a nearby military installation or ship but on Census Day is living in this off-base household.   Count person at: The off-base household Rule 5 Person is a college student not living in this household during the school year and is only here during break or vacation (see Rules 6 and 25).   Count person at: The residence where the person lives while attending college (Usual Home Elsewhere [UHE] not allowed). Rule 6 Person is a college student living in this household during the school year (see Rules 5 and 25).   Count person at: This household Rule 7 Person is a student attending school away from home below the college level, such as a boarding school or a Bureau of Indian Affairs boarding school.   Count person at: This household Rule 8 Person is an officer or crew member of a merchant vessel and on Census Day is engaged in inland waterway transportation.   Count person at: This household Rule 9 Person works for and lives in this household and has no other home (e.g., a domestic worker or nanny who “lives in”).   Count person at: This household Rule 10 Person is staying temporarily in this household on Census Day and has another home.   Count person at: DO NOT LIST. (This person will be counted at the other household.) Rule 11 On Census Day, person is a citizen of a foreign country who has established a household (or is part of an established household) in the U.S. while working or studying. This includes any family member living with the person.   Count person at: This household

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Once, Only Once, and in the Right Place: Residence Rules in the Decennial Census Rule 12 Person is a citizen of a foreign country and on Census Day is living on the premises of an Embassy, Ministry, Legation, Chancellery, or Consulate in the U.S.   Count person at: This household, that is, the Embassy, etc. (The person has the right to refuse to provide any or all information.) GROUP QUARTERS POPULATION, UHE ALLOWED Rule 13 Person is a member of the U.S. Armed Forces and on Census Day is living on a military installation in the United States, or is living on a military vessel which is assigned to a home port in the United States.   Count person at: The residence where the person spends most of his/her time (UHE allowed) [GQ code 601 for military barracks on base; GQ code 602 for transient quarters for temporary residents; GQ code 603 for military ships]. If the person does not claim a UHE, count him/her at the military installation or at the home port of the vessel. Rule 14 On Census Day, person is at a camp for temporary workers, such as agricultural or migrant workers; or logging, pipeline, or construction workers.   Count person at: The residence where the person spends most of his/her time (UHE allowed) [GQ code 901 for agriculture workers’ dormitories on farms; GQ code 902 for other workers’ dormitories]. If the person does not claim a UHE, count him/her at the camp. Rule 15 On Census Day, person is at a hostel, YMCA/YWCA, or transient location, such as a commercial or public campground, racetrack, park, or carnival (see also Rule 16).   Count person at: The location where they spend most of their time (UHE allowed) [GQ code 908 for hostels or YMCAs/YWCAs; GQ code 910 for commercial or public campgrounds, racetracks, fairs, or carnivals]. If the person does not claim a UHE, count them at the special place. Rule 16 On Census Day, person is at a recreational camp (i.e., a commercial or public campground). This rule is targeted to persons known as “full-timers” or “good-sams” who live and travel in a recreational vehicle, and the recreational vehicle is their only or usual residence.   Count person at: The location where the person spends most of his/her time (UHE allowed). If the person does not claim a UHE,

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Once, Only Once, and in the Right Place: Residence Rules in the Decennial Census   count them at the camp. (Note that if the recreational vehicle is their only or usual residence, it is considered a housing unit [HU] and tabulated as an HU. It is part of GQ enumeration but not part of the GQ population.) Rule 17 On Census Day, person is at a soup kitchen or outreach program (e.g., mobile food van).   Count person at: The location where these individuals spend most of their time (UHE allowed) [GQ code 704 for soup kitchens; GQ code 705 for outreach program]. If the person does not claim a UHE, count them at the special place. Rule 18 Person is an officer or crew member of a U.S. flag merchant vessel and on Census Day is docked in a U.S. port or is sailing from one U.S. port to another U.S. port.   Count person at: These persons are allowed to claim a UHE [GQ code 900]. If they do not claim a UHE, count them at the merchant vessel. Rule 19 Person is a resident staff member or a member of a special place. For example, a staff member living in a hospital or nursing home, or a member of a religious order living in a monastery or convent.   Count person at: These persons are allowed to claim a UHE [GQ code 904 for staff members living in military hospitals; GQ code 905 for staff members living in civilian group quarters; GQ code 906 for religious group quarters]. If they do not claim a UHE, they are counted at the special place. GROUP QUARTERS POPULATION, UHE NOT ALLOWED Rule 20 On Census Day, person is under formally authorized, supervised care or custody, in a correctional institution, such as a federal or state prison, local jail or workhouse, federal detention center, or halfway house.   Count person at: The special place (UHE not allowed) Rule 21 On Census Day, person is under formally authorized, supervised care or custody, in a nursing, convalescent, or rest home for the aged and dependent.   Count person at: The special place (UHE not allowed) Rule 22 On Census Day, person is under formally authorized, supervised care

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Once, Only Once, and in the Right Place: Residence Rules in the Decennial Census   or custody, in a juvenile institution such as a residential school for delinquents.   Count person at: The special place (UHE not allowed) Rule 23 On Census Day, person is under formally authorized, supervised care or custody, in a home, school, hospital, or ward for the physically handicapped, mentally retarded, or mentally ill.   Count person at: The special place (UHE not allowed) Rule 24 On Census Day, person is at an emergency shelter, including shelters with sleeping facilities for individuals without a usual residence; shelters for abused women; shelters for runaway, neglected, or homeless children; or shelters for other homeless persons.   Count person at: The shelter (UHE not allowed) Rule 25 Person is a college student living in a group quarters (e.g., a dormitory, or sorority or fraternity house) (see Rules 5 and 6).   Count person at: The group quarters (UHE not allowed) OVERSEAS POPULATION Rule 26 Person is a member of the U.S. Armed Forces and on Census Day is stationed on a military vessel which is assigned to a home port in a foreign country.   Count person at: DO NOT LIST. (This person will be counted as part of the overseas population.) Rule 27 Person is a member of the U.S. Armed Forces and on Census Day is assigned to a military installation outside the United States. This rule includes family members living with him/her.   Count person at: DO NOT LIST. (This person will be counted as part of the overseas population.) Rule 28 Person is an American citizen overseas employed by the U.S. government and on Census Day has a place of duty abroad. This rule includes family members living with him/her.   Count person at: DO NOT LIST. (This person will be counted as part of the overseas population.)

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Once, Only Once, and in the Right Place: Residence Rules in the Decennial Census DO NOT LIST POPULATION Rule 29 Person is an American citizen and on Census Day is working, studying, or living abroad, but not employed by the U.S. government.   Count person at: DO NOT LIST Rule 30 Person is a citizen of a foreign country who on Census Day is temporarily traveling or visiting in the U.S.   Count person at: DO NOT LIST Rule 31 Person is an officer or crew member of a U.S. flag merchant vessel which on Census Day is docked in a foreign port, is sailing from one foreign port to another foreign port, is sailing from a U.S. port to a foreign port, or is sailing from a foreign port to a U.S. port.   Count person at: DO NOT LIST

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