steering committee on the 1991 Madrid talks, and has written dozens of articles on Jerusalem and the prospects for a peace agreement with Israel. He received his doctorate in Islamic philosophy from Harvard University. Professor Nusseibeh is currently on sabbatical as Rita E. Hauser fellow at Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University.

Baroness O’Neill, United Kingdom

Onora Sylvia O'Neill is president-elect of the British Academy. She is a cross-bench member of the House of Lords and was made a Life Peer in 1999. Baroness O’Neill currently is principal of Newnham College at the University of Cambridge. She lectures in philosophy and has written books and articles on ethics, political philosophy, the philosophy of Immanuel Kant, and bioethics. A former member and chair of the Nuffield Council on Bioethics and the Human Genetics Advisory Commission, Baroness O'Neill chairs the Nuffield Foundation. She studied philosophy, psychology, and physiology at Oxford University and received her doctorate from Harvard University.

Sir Nigel Rodley, United Kingdom

Sir Nigel Rodley is an expert member of the Human Rights Committee of the United Nations and former U.N. Special Rapporteur on Torture (1993-2001). He is also a commissioner of the International Commission of Jurists and was the founding head of the legal department at Amnesty International’s Secretariat in London. Sir Nigel currently teaches human rights and international law at the University of Essex. He has published widely on human rights issues with a particular focus on the treatment of prisoners and prevention of torture. In 1998 he was awarded a knighthood in recognition of his services to human rights and international law.

Dr. Pieter van Dijk, The Netherlands

Pieter van Dijk is state councillor of the Council of State of the Netherlands. He was a judge on the European Court of Human Rights from 1996-1998. Pieter van Dijk was a professor of international law at Utrecht University and a member of the Court of Appeal of The Hague. He has been chair of the Netherlands Institute of Human Rights since 1982 and is a member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. He was bestowed a knighthood in 2004.

Dr. Torsten Wiesel, United States

Torsten Wiesel, M.D., a neurobiologist, is secretary general of the Human Frontier Science Program and chairman of the Board of the New York Academy of Sciences. He is also president emeritus and Vincent and Brook Astor professor (active) at The Rockefeller University in New York City. He is chairman emeritus of the Arms Division of Human Rights Watch and of the Committee on Human Rights of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. In 1981, Torsten Wiesel and David H. Hubel were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine “for their discoveries concerning information processing in the visual system.”

Professor Menahem Yaari, Israel

Menahem Yaari is president of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities and a foreign member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He is professor of economics emeritus at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Professor Yaari was president of the Open University of



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