happened and where they are. The idea is that because a state or community consists of individuals, if you safeguard the individual, you will actually look after the state, eventually. But safeguarding the individuals is crucial, as is the role of the scientists in safeguarding the principles of political systems—law, human rights, respect of persons, etc. It was very interesting that the United States and the United Kingdom seem to have forgotten that you can change the political systems if you want to, but that is another debate. We have to accept that there are some inviolable norms and that if we start shifting the norms or goalposts, there is going to be no end to the chaos that we are going to see. And I think we have to remember that. Thank you.

Cohen-Tannoudji – Thank you for this excellent summary and to all the speakers of today.

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