EXPERIMENTS AND STRATEGIES

BOX 4-4

Center for Research on Learning and Teaching (CRLT) Theater Program: NSF ADVANCE at the University of Michigana

Interactive theater can be used to build community, raise awareness, and stimulate discussion.b It has been used to confront issues that are difficult to resolve due to conflicts between ideals and practice.c The Center for Research on Learning and Teaching (CRLT) Theater Program, sponsored by the NSF ADVANCE program at the University of Michigan, uses interactive performances to demonstrate how faculty interactions shape and reflect the climate. They have developed performances that explore search committee discussions of job candidates, mentoring of junior faculty, and committee meeting discussions of tenure candidates. The performances are based on extensive faculty interviews, focus groups, and faculty and administrative consultation and review conducted at the University of Michigan.

The main component of the CRLT Theater Program is the CRLT Players, a theater troupe composed of professional and student actors who use interactive sketches to draw attention to everyday issues in academe surrounding pedagogy, diversity, and inclusion. Using research from the experiences of faculty members and students, the players present different viewpoints to draw the audience in with a mix of comedy and drama. At the end of the show, the actors continue to play their roles during a question-and-answer session with the audience.

In one theater presentation, the CRLT Players enact a meeting of search committee for a faculty position in the computer science department. The actors discuss which of two candidates—one man, one woman—they should hire. The five men and one woman simulating the search committee debate their research backgrounds, credentials, potential family plans, and gender diversity in the department. The scene ends with the chair stating that he would give the name of the man candidate to the dean for hiring. After the presentation, faculty observing the skit question the actors, who, in turn, answer the questions while remaining in character. The audience is allowed to critique the discussions and results of the search committee.

thor.48 Some researchers argue that journals should use blinded peer review to minimize gender bias (Box 4-5). Trix and Penska evaluated letters of recommendation written by senior professors in support of men and women candidates for US medical school faculty positions and found that gender stereotyping systematically resulted in women candidates receiving less favorable recommendations than men.49

48

T Tregenza (2002). Gender bias in the refereeing process? TRENDS in Ecology and Evolution 17(8):349-350.

49

F Trix and C Psenka (2003). Exploring the color of glass: Letters of recommendation for female and male medical faculty. Discourse and Society 14(2):191-220. All of the letters examined were for successful candidates.



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