These measures indicate that WISELI’s approach to educating search committee chairs appears to be working, although many other factors such as the motivation of the individual search committee chairs and departments are likely to also play an important role.

WISELI plans to continue implementing workshops across the UW-Madison campus, expanding them beyond faculty and administrative searches to searches for other staff as well. One large college made participation in these workshops mandatory for all search committee chairs beginning in 2005/2006. WISELI is also visiting other campuses to offer a day-long session, “Searching for Excellence & Diversity: Implementing Training for Search Committees,” to help universities, university systems, and/or regional collectives develop and present search workshops on their own campuses.g

versity of Michigan has its STRIDE (Strategies and Tactics for Recruiting to Improve Diversity and Excellence) program,54 which uses senior professors of science and engineering who have been trained by social scientists to work with recruitment committees to overcome biases. University administrators can make departments accountable by making participation in such programs a condition for undertaking a faculty search. Building in a measure of accountability reduces the use of stereotypes in choosing job candidates.55

Understanding Discrimination56

Although women today in the United States have many more opportunities than women of previous generations, many societal traditions inhibit their full participation in the technical workforce. Women have been struggling for access into universities and entrance into the labor force since the

54

University of Michigan STRIDE Web site, http://sitemaker.umich.edu/advance/stride. See AJ Stewart, D LaVaque-Manty, and JE Malley (2004). Recruiting women faculty in science and engineering: Preliminary evaluation of one intervention model. Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering 10(4):361-375.

55

PE Tetlock (1985). Accountability: A social check on the fundamental attribution error. Social Psychology Quarterly 48:227-236.

56

See Appendix C for a discussion of the theories of discrimination. Excerpted from National Research Council (2004). Measuring Racial Discrimination. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, pp. 55-70, http://fermat.nap.edu/catalog/10887.html.



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