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Beyond Bias and Barriers: Fulfilling the Potential of Women in Academic Science and Engineering
5-5. University leaders should develop and implement hiring, tenure,and promotion policies that take into account the flexibility that faculty need across the life course, allowing integration of family, work,and community responsibilities. They should provide central policiesand funding for faculty and staff on leave and should visibly and vigorously support campus programs that help faculty with children or othercaregiving responsibilities to maintain productive careers. These programs should, at a minimum, include provisions for paid parental leavefor faculty, staff, postdoctoral scholars, and graduate students; facilities and subsidies for on-site and community-based child care; dissertation defense and tenure clock extensions; and family-friendly scheduling of critical meetings.
5-6. Faculties and their senates should immediately review their tenure processes and timelines to ensure that hiring, tenure, and promotion policies take into account the flexibility that faculty need acrossthe life course and do not sacrifice quality in the process of meetingrigid timelines.
5-7. The committee recommends that the American Council on Education convene national higher education organizations, including theAssociation of American Universities, the National Association of StateUniversities and Land Grant Colleges, and others to discuss implementation of an oversight/intermediary body. Analogous to the NationalCollegiate Athletics Association, this body would act as an intermediary between academic institutions and federal agencies in establishingnorms and measures, in collecting data, and in cross-institution monitoring of compliance and accountability. A primary focus of the discussion should be on defining the scope and structure of data collection.
5-8. Scientific and professional societies should serve in an analogousrole to individual national governing bodies for sports and set professional and equity standards and collect and disseminate field-wide education and workforce data.
5-9. Universities and scientific and professional societies should provide child-care and elder-care grants or subsidies to enable their members to attend work-related conferences and meetings.
5-10. Federal funding agencies and foundations should ensure thattheir practices—including rules and regulations—support the full participation of women and do not reinforce a culture that fundamentallydiscriminates against women. All research funding agencies and foundations should make it possible to use grant monies for dependent-careexpenses necessary to engage in off-site or after-hours research-related