Association for Women in Science (AWIS), 202

Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), Faculty Roster, 79, 89−90

Association of American Universities, 9, 163, 233

Attainment, vs. intention, 63

Attrition. See Faculty attrition

Automatic discrimination, 262−265

Avoidance, as intentional discrimination, 261, 263

Awards, 52


Bachelors degrees. See Science and engineering undergraduate degree programs

Backlash, 184, 188

Barriers to success in science and engineering, identifying, 200−205

Berg, Jeremy, 131

Bias avoidance behaviors, 179


See also Subtle bias and discrimination

against caregivers, and family obligations, 174−175

effects on evaluation, top research articles on, 158

evidence establishing that most men and women hold implicit, findings concerning, 3

moving beyond, 159

specific steps for overcoming, 158, 242

against women, 114, 215

Biological, Social, and Organizational Components of Success for Women in Academic Science and Engineering, xiii, 19, 22

Biology, 37−42

brain structure and function, 37−38

evolutionary psychology, 41−42

hormonal influences on cognitive performance, 38−39

and learning and performance, 37−42

psychological development in infancy, 39−41

Blinded peer review, 146−147

Blueprint for action, 219−241

changing institutional processes to combat bias, 219−225

Boring, EG, 42

Brain structure and function, 25, 37−38

Building Engineering and Science Talent (BEST) Initiative, 20−21, 57

Talent Imperative: Diversifying America’s Science and Engineering Workforce, 21

Bullying behavior, 181, 242


Call to action, 12, 241−243

Career building, 117−125

models of, 160

productivity, 117−120

progress in, 113

recognition, 123−125

sex differences in publication productivity, 121−123

success and its evaluation in science and engineering, 117−125

Career flexibility, Alfred P. Sloan Awards for faculty, 198

Career Lunch Table program, 203

Caregivers, family obligations and the bias against, 161, 164−165, 174−175

Carnegie Mellon University, Women in Computer Science Program, 68

Ceilings. See Glass ceiling;

“Polycarbonate ceiling”

Census Bureau, current nomenclature of ethnicity, 15n

Center for Research on Learning and Teaching (CRLT) Theater Program, 226

NSF ADVANCE program at the University of Michigan, 144−145

Chait, Richard, 18

Changes needed, xiv, 217−218

building, 196−205

to combat bias in institutional processes, 219−241

coordinating body, 232−237

creating methods for evaluation and accountability, 229−232

creating new institutional structures, 225−229

economic reasons, 218

ethical reasons, 218

federal standards and compliance issues, 238−240

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