B
Acronyms and Abbreviations

ALSEP—the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package

ASTP—the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, a joint U.S.-U.S.S.R. mission

ATP—NASA’s Advanced Technology Program

Chang’e—a Chinese National Space Administration lunar orbiter

CHEX—the NRC’s Committee on the Human Exploration of Space

ESMD—NASA’s Exploration Systems Mission Directorate

EVA—Extravehicular activity

ISRU—in situ resource utilization

KREEP—lunar basalts that are rich in potassium, rare-earth elements, and phosphorus

LCROSS—the Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite, a secondary payload to be launched with the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter

LHB—the Late Heavy Bombardment period, about 3.9 billion years ago

LPRP—the Lunar Precursor and Robotic Program of the Exploration Systems Mission Directorate

LRO—NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter

LSAM—NASA’s Lunar Surface Access Module

Lunar A—a Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency lunar mission

M3—Moon Mineralogy Mapper, an imaging spectrometer on the Indian Space Research Organization’s Chandrayaan-1 lunar mission

MER—NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover

SBE—surface boundary exosphere

SELENE—Selenological and Engineering Explorer, a Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency lunar orbiter

SIM—the Apollo Scientific Instrument Module, which contained panoramic and mapping cameras, a gamma-ray spectrometer, a laser altimeter, and a mass spectrometer

SMART-1—Small Missions for Advanced Research in Technology, a European Space Agency lunar mission

SMD—NASA’s Science Mission Directorate

SPA—the lunar South Pole-Aitken basin

Vision—NASA’s Vision for Space Exploration



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The Scientific Context for Exploration of the Moon: Interim Report B Acronyms and Abbreviations ALSEP—the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package ASTP—the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, a joint U.S.-U.S.S.R. mission ATP—NASA’s Advanced Technology Program Chang’e—a Chinese National Space Administration lunar orbiter CHEX—the NRC’s Committee on the Human Exploration of Space ESMD—NASA’s Exploration Systems Mission Directorate EVA—Extravehicular activity ISRU—in situ resource utilization KREEP—lunar basalts that are rich in potassium, rare-earth elements, and phosphorus LCROSS—the Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite, a secondary payload to be launched with the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter LHB—the Late Heavy Bombardment period, about 3.9 billion years ago LPRP—the Lunar Precursor and Robotic Program of the Exploration Systems Mission Directorate LRO—NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter LSAM—NASA’s Lunar Surface Access Module Lunar A—a Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency lunar mission M3—Moon Mineralogy Mapper, an imaging spectrometer on the Indian Space Research Organization’s Chandrayaan-1 lunar mission MER—NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover SBE—surface boundary exosphere SELENE—Selenological and Engineering Explorer, a Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency lunar orbiter SIM—the Apollo Scientific Instrument Module, which contained panoramic and mapping cameras, a gamma-ray spectrometer, a laser altimeter, and a mass spectrometer SMART-1—Small Missions for Advanced Research in Technology, a European Space Agency lunar mission SMD—NASA’s Science Mission Directorate SPA—the lunar South Pole-Aitken basin Vision—NASA’s Vision for Space Exploration