are not prioritized or necessarily similar in scope but rather reflect the workshop participants’ on-site thinking.
How do CO2 and a warming climate interact to affect soil moisture, ocean acidification, and the carbon balance of ecosystems (both terrestrial and marine)?
What is the role of biogenic VOCs in generating ozone, and what is the role of ozone in degrading crop yields?
What is the role of changes in surface albedo in changing climate? What are the carbon-cycle implications of this?
What is the role of air pollutants in degrading crop yields? How do these effects change with warming?
How might human pressures for increased food production lead to an expansion of agricultural land, and what are the costs in ecosystem services for the converted land?
How do human decisions about cropping, land use or cover change, and urbanization influence atmosphere-ecosystem interactions?
How do greenhouse gas increases and associated warming, land use, and air pollution interact with biodiversity?
What is the relative role of extreme events and average conditions in establishing the impacts of atmosphere-ecosystem interactions? Under what conditions do atmosphere-ecosystem interactions enhance the value of investments in adaptation and mitigation?
How do drivers relate with stresses to produce certain vulnerabilities/ adaptive capacities?
How do socioeconomic, institutional, and environmental processes influence environmental change and adaptive capacity (livelihoods, migration)?
How does information get to those who need it? What kinds of information are most useful to decision makers, resource managers, and others who could benefit?
How can we develop improved tools and strategies for addressing multiple environmental stresses, such as improved observational and modeling capabilities, integrated sensors, regional information systems, and predictive capabilities?
How can societal resilience to multiple environmental stresses be improved? How can adaptive management approaches be developed and implemented?