1. An evaluation of the extent to which the Program has adequately considered ethical, legal, environmental, and other appropriate societal concerns;

  2. Recommendations for new or revised Program goals;

  3. Recommendations for new research areas, partnerships, coordination and management mechanisms, or programs to be established to achieve the Program’s stated goals;

  4. Recommendations on policy, program, and budget changes with respect to nanotechnology research and development activities;

  5. Recommendations for improved metrics to evaluate the success of the Program in accomplishing its stated goals;

  6. A review of the performance of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office and its efforts to promote access to and early application of the technologies, innovations, and expertise derived from Program activities to agency missions and systems across the Federal Government and to United States industry;

  7. An analysis of the relative position of the United States compared to other nations with respect to nanotechnology research and development, including the identification of any critical research areas where the United States should be the world leader to best achieve the goals of the Program; and

  8. An analysis of the current impact of nanotechnology on the United States economy and recommendations for increasing its future impact.

  1. STUDY ON MOLECULAR SELF-ASSEMBLY.—As part of the first triennial review conducted in accordance with subsection (a), the National Research Council shall conduct a one-time study to determine the technical feasibility of molecular self-assembly for the manufacture of materials and devices at the molecular scale.

  2. STUDY ON THE RESPONSIBLE DEVELOPMENT OF NANOTECHNOLOGY.—As part of the first triennial review conducted in accordance with subsection (a), the National Research Council shall conduct a one-time study to assess the need for standards, guidelines, or strategies for ensuring the responsible development of nanotechnology, including, but not limited to—

    1. Self-replicating nanoscale machines or devices;

    2. The release of such machines in natural environments;

    3. Encryption;

    4. The development of defensive technologies;

    5. The use of nanotechnology in the enhancement of human intelligence; and

    6. The use of nanotechnology in developing artificial intelligence.



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