15. This information was communicated to the committee through agency presentations and discussions during the committee’s workshops.


16. The Wassenaar Arrangement was established as a means to contribute to regional and international security and stability by promoting transparency and greater responsibility in transfers of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies, thus preventing destabilizing accumulations. Participating states seek, through their national policies, to ensure that transfers of these items do not contribute to the development or enhancement of military capabilities that undermine these goals and are not diverted to support such capabilities.


17. J. Solomon, Praxair, presentation to this committee, March 24, 2005.


18. See http://www.nano.gov/html/res/SRC_ExecutiveSummary1.pdf, accessed March 2006.


19. See http://nano.gov/, accessed March 2006.


20. Director, Defense Research and Engineering, Department of Defense (DOD), Defense Nano-technology Research and Development Programs, 2005. Washington, D.C.: DOD. May 17.


21. Asia Nano Forum, 3rd International Workshop to Develop a Global Nanotechnology Network, May 26-27, 2005, Saarbrücken, Germany.


22. Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology Subcommittee, Committee on Technology, National Science and Technology Council. 2005. The National Nanotechnology Initiative: Research and Development Leading to a Revolution in Technology and Industry. Supplement to the President’s FY2006 Budget Request. March.


23. See http://www.ncnr.nist.gov/whatwedo.html, accessed March 2006.


24. See http://www.nano.gov/html/society/ELSI.html, accessed March 2006.


25. National Assessment of Educational Progress Achievement Levels 1992-1998. Available at http://www.nagb.org/pubs/sciencebook.pdf, accessed March 2006.


26. Highlights from the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2003, December 2004. Available at http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2005/2005005.pdf, accessed March 2006.


27. National Science Board. 2006. Science and Engineering Indicators 2006. Vol. 1, NSB 06-01; Vol. 2, NSB 06-01A. Arlington, Va.: National Science Foundation.


28. National Research Council. 2005. Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employ-ing America for a Brighter Economic Future (prepublication copy). Washington D.C.: The National Academies Press.


29. See http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/index.jsp?prio_area=10, accessed March 2006.


30. See http://www.nsf.gov/news/overviews/nano/index.jsp, accessed March 2006.


31. Executive Order 13349 was signed on July 23, 2004, to designate PCAST to serve as the NNAP.


32. National Research Council. 2002. Small Wonders, Endless Frontiers: A Review of the National Nanotechnology Initiative. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.


33. Public Law 108-153, 21st Century Nanotechnology Research and Development Act, January 2003.

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