10. A congressional hearing on June 28, 2005, “SBIR: What Is the Optimal Role of Venture Capital?,” raised such issues at the national level.

  

11. National Research Council. 2001. The Advanced Technology Program: Assessing Outcomes. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

  

12. See http://www.acq.osd.mil/actd/, accessed March 2006.

  

13. NRC committee and staff discussions with Michael Idelchik, GE, September 6, 2005; Paolo Gargini, Intel, September 28, 2005; Larry Bock, Nanosys, August 24, 2005.; Magnus Gittins and Michael Helmus, Advance Nanotech, September 7, 2005; Amit Kumar, CombiMatrix, September 21, 2005; and David Macdonald, Nanomix, September 26, 2005.

  

14. D.C. Mowery. 2001. Using cooperative research and development agreements as S&T indicators: What do we have and what would we like? Strategic Research Partnerships: Proceedings from an NSF Workshop. NSF 01-336. Arlington, Va.: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Studies. Available at http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/nsf01336/p1s4.htm, accessed March 2006.

  

15. NRC committee and staff discussions with Paolo Gargini, Intel, September 28, 2005; Larry Bock, Nanosys, August 24, 2005.; Magnus Gittins and Michael Helmus, Advance Nanotech, September 7, 2005; Amit Kumar, CombiMatrix, September 21, 2005; and David Macdonald, Nanomix, September 26, 2005.

  

16. Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology Subcommittee, Committee on Technology, National Science and Technology Council (NSTC). 2005. Regional, State, and Local Initiatives in Nanotechnology. Washington, D.C.: NSTC.

  

17. See http://www.albanynanotech.org/Programs/sematech_north.cfm, accessed March 2006.

  

18. See http://www.albanynanotech.org/about/index.cfm, accessed March 2006.

  

19. NRC committee and staff discussions with Magnus Gittins and Michael Helmus, Advance Nanotech, September 7, 2005; Amit Kumar, CombiMatrix, September 21, 2005; Uma Chowdhry and Krishna Doraiswamy, DuPont, September 23, 2005; and David Macdonald, Nanomix, September 26, 2005.



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