with the Antarctic Treaty and especially its environmental protocols. As the U.S. delegate to SCAR, he accompanies the U.S. Department of State delegation to treaty meetings. As a scientist, his research interests include environmental monitoring; fate and effects of contaminants; environmental impacts of offshore energy exploration and exploitation; coordination of the social and physical sciences to address environmental issues; and all aspects of the sustainable development of coastal margins. He served on the National Research Council’s Committee to Review the Oil Spill Recovery Institute and the Committee on Cumulative Environmental Effects of Oil and Gas Activities on Alaska’s North Slope. Dr. Kennicutt is a member of various professional organizations including the American Geophysical Union, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography.


Ronald K. Kiss is president emeritus of Webb Institute, a private four-year college providing B.S. degrees in naval architecture and marine engineering. Prior to joining Webb Institute, he was vice president of SYNTEK, assisting the U.S. Navy on the Joint Navy-Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency arsenal ship program and the Navy’s aircraft carrier and surface combatant programs. He served as deputy assistant secretary of the Navy for ship programs in the Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Research, Development and Acquisition) and as executive director of the Amphibious, Auxiliary, Mine and Sealift Directorate at Naval Sea Systems Command. Mr. Kiss spent nearly 20 years with the Maritime Administration, culminating as acting associate administrator for shipbuilding and ship operations. He holds a B.S. degree in naval architecture and marine engineering from Webb Institute, and an M.S. in naval architecture from the University of California-Berkeley; he has participated in a number of postgraduate programs at institutions including Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.


Douglas R. MacAyeal is a professor in the Department of the Geophysical Sciences at the University of Chicago. Dr. MacAyeal’s field efforts in Antarctica, including the Ross Ice Shelf and the Ross Sea, yield a range of physical models concerning the dynamics of large ice masses. His work in the past has focused on the processes of ice-stream flow and the nature of the subglacial boundary layer that facilitates ice-stream basal lubrication. These models of ice streams were subsequently built upon to determine the role of ice-stream surging in abrupt climate change of the North Atlantic. Dr. MacAyeal’s current research interest involves the break-up of ice shelves and the subsequent transport of icebergs into the surrounding ocean. He received his Ph.D. from the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory at Princeton University. Dr. MacAyeal has been the chief editor for the Journal of Glaciology and a member of the Committee of Advisors for the Office of Polar Programs at the National Science Foundation.


Robert C. North retired from active duty with the U.S. Coast Guard in April 2001. He is presently serving as the president of North Star Maritime, Inc., a marine industry consulting firm specializing in international and domestic maritime safety, security, and environmental protection regulatory issues. Rear Admiral North’s U.S. Coast Guard career spanned nearly 35 years and culminated with service as the U.S. Coast Guard’s assistant commandant for marine safety, security and environmental protection, where he directed national and international programs for commercial vessel safety, merchant mariner licensing and documentation, port safety and security, and waterways management. In that capacity, he led U.S. delegations to the International Maritime Organization and also served as a member of numerous classification society committees and the Sealift Committee of the National Defense Transportation Association. Previously, he served as chief of acquisition involving major systems such as the U.S. Coast Guard’s newest polar icebreaker, the HEALY, and the replacement programs for the U.S. Coast Guard’s buoy tender and patrol boat fleets. Earlier assignments included first lieutenant and deck watch officer on the WESTWIND, a polar icebreaker involved in ice escort, resupply, and search-and-rescue operations in the Arctic and Great Lakes regions. He is a graduate of the State University of New York Maritime College at Fort Schuyler and the U.S. Army War College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania.


Raymond J. Pierce obtained his master mariner (H.T.) certification in 1976, his Canadian Coast Guard command in 1977, and his master’s foreign going certification in 1981. During this period he held positions of increasing responsibility on various Canadian Coast Guard ships operating in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Arctic Oceans. In 1979 he was promoted to the rank of commanding officer and later assigned to headquarters as superintendent, operational requirements and polar icebreaking. Captain Pierce has worked for BeauDril Ltd. as a shipmaster, port captain of Arctic operations, marine superintendent, and manager. He was also active in the field of advanced navigation and electronic charting with Offshore Systems International of Vancouver. He was an adviser to and director of this emerging public company. After his work in the private sector Pierce rejoined the Canadian Coast Guard where he has served as regional director ship safety, regional director general of the northern central and arctic regions. Captain Pierce is currently executive director of departmental renewal at the Canadian Coast Guard.


Steven T. Scalzo is the chief operating officer of Marine Resources Group, Inc., a holding and support company for investments in tug, barge, and ancillary marine service companies. Mr. Scalzo joined Foss Maritime, a subsidiary of Marine Resources Group, in 1975. He is a graduate of the



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