U.S. Merchant Marine Academy and received a master’s degree in law and commerce from Gonzaga University. Mr. Scalzo is a past member of the National Research Council Marine Board, and he is active in international, national, and local public policy and legislative and regulatory issues affecting the safety of marine transportation, including service as past chairman of the U.S. Department of Transportation Towing Safety Advising Committee and the State of Washington Puget Sound Marine Safety Committee. He has also served as chairman of the American Waterway Operators, the tug and barge industry national trade association, and he is currently a board member of the American Steamship Owners Mutual Protection and Indemnity Association, Inc. (the American Club) and the Coast Guard Foundation.


David G. St. Amand has more than 30 years of maritime industry experience, the last 20 of which have been as a management consultant. He is a maritime economist-business analyst specializing in commercial shipping. He holds a B.S. in naval architecture and marine engineering from Webb Institute and an M.B.A. from the Amos Tuck School of Business Administration at Dartmouth College. His industry experience covers a wide range of activities, including transportation planning, marketing, finance, operations, and engineering. Mr. St. Amand has extensive experience consulting to most sectors of the maritime industry. He has served bulk vessel owner-operators, liner companies, tugbarge firms, industry organizations, marine service firms, cruise lines, ferry operators, terminal operators, and port authorities. These assignments included strategic planning, asset-business valuation, organization analysis, market planning, benchmarking, and regulatory analysis. His strategic planning experience includes tanker owners, liner companies, ferry-cruise operators, tug-barge companies, and port authorities. Mr. St. Amand has been named an expert witness on vessel economics and damages in numerous proceedings. He has also done extensive analysis of the Jones Act, the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA 90), the 1984 Shipping Act, and the Ocean Shipping Reform Act of 1998 (OSRA) for individual carriers and industry organizations.


James H. Swift is a research oceanographer and academic administrator at the University of California, San Diego Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO). He received his Ph.D. in physical oceanography from the University of Washington. Dr. Swift has been on 25 blue water and icebreaker expeditions in the Atlantic, Pacific, Arctic, and Southern Oceans. His primary scientific interests are Arctic water masses and circulation, the global thermohaline circulation, and ocean measurement and interpretation. Dr. Swift is scientific adviser to the SIO Oceanographic Data Facility and coordinator for academic institutions involved in the U.S. Global Ocean Carbon and Repeat Hydrography program. He is also director of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) Hydrographic Program Office (now known also as the Climate Variability and Predictability (CLIVAR) and Carbon Hydrographic Data Office). Dr. Swift was the founding chair of the University-National Oceanographic Laboratory System Arctic Icebreaker Coordinating Committee, which oversaw science-related aspects of the construction and testing of the research icebreaker HEALY, and whose long-term mission includes promoting a productive and successful working relationship between the U.S. Coast Guard and the science community using icebreakers. He now serves on the U.S. Antarctic Research Vessel Oversight Committee, is chair of the NSF Office of Polar Programs Advisory Committee, and chairs its Subcommittee on the McMurdo Antarctic Resupply, which presently relies on icebreaker support.



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