E
Acronyms

ABS American Bureau of Shipping

ACIA Arctic Climate Impact Assessment

AICC Arctic Icebreaker Coordinating Committee

AIS automatic identification system

AMVER Automated Mutual-assistance Vessel Rescue

ARCDEV Arctic Demonstration and Exploratory Voyage

ASPPR Arctic Shipping Pollution Prevention Regulations

BPXA British Petroleum Exploration Alaska, Inc.,

CLCS Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf

DEW Distant Early Warning Line

DHS Department of Homeland Security

ECO Edison Chouest Offshore

EEZ Exclusive economic zone

FESCO Far East Shipping Company

FOS full operating staffing

FOSC federal on-scene coordinators

FY fiscal year

GISP 2 Greenland ice sheet project

Hp horsepower

IACS International Association of Classification Societies

ICSU International Council of Scientific Unions

IGY International Geophysical Year

IMO International Maritime Organization

IPY International Polar Year

ITASE International Trans-Antarctic Scientific Expeditions

LEDET law enforcement detachment

LRIT Long Range Identification and Tracking

LTER Long Term Ecological Research

MARAD Maritime Administration

MDA Maritime domain awareness

MMS Minerals Management Service

MOA Memorandum of Agreement

MSC Military Sealift Command

NEWP Northeast Water Polynya project

Nmi nautical miles

NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System



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OCR for page 121
Polar Icebreakers in a Changing World: An Assessment of U.S. Needs E Acronyms ABS American Bureau of Shipping ACIA Arctic Climate Impact Assessment AICC Arctic Icebreaker Coordinating Committee AIS automatic identification system AMVER Automated Mutual-assistance Vessel Rescue ARCDEV Arctic Demonstration and Exploratory Voyage ASPPR Arctic Shipping Pollution Prevention Regulations BPXA British Petroleum Exploration Alaska, Inc., CLCS Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf DEW Distant Early Warning Line DHS Department of Homeland Security ECO Edison Chouest Offshore EEZ Exclusive economic zone FESCO Far East Shipping Company FOS full operating staffing FOSC federal on-scene coordinators FY fiscal year GISP 2 Greenland ice sheet project Hp horsepower IACS International Association of Classification Societies ICSU International Council of Scientific Unions IGY International Geophysical Year IMO International Maritime Organization IPY International Polar Year ITASE International Trans-Antarctic Scientific Expeditions LEDET law enforcement detachment LRIT Long Range Identification and Tracking LTER Long Term Ecological Research MARAD Maritime Administration MDA Maritime domain awareness MMS Minerals Management Service MOA Memorandum of Agreement MSC Military Sealift Command NEWP Northeast Water Polynya project Nmi nautical miles NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System

OCR for page 121
Polar Icebreakers in a Changing World: An Assessment of U.S. Needs NSC National Security Council NSDM National Security Decision Memorandum NSF National Science Foundation NSTC National Science and Technology Council NWP Northwest Passage OAC external OPP Advisory Committee OCS outer continental shelf OMB Office of Management and Budget OPP Office of Polar Programs PAME Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment PIRS Polar Icebreaker Requirements Study PRV PALMER Replacement Vessel SAR search and rescue SHEBA Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean SIDS sudden infant death syndrome SLEP service life extension program UNCLOS United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea UNOLS University-National Oceanographic Laboratory System USAP United States Antarctic Program USCG U.S. Coast Guard USGS U.S. Geological Survey VOSS Vessel of Opportunity Skimming System VRAM vessel rehabilitation and modernization VTS vessel traffic service