TABLE 2.1 List of Signatories to the Antarctic Treaty

No.

State

Date

Status

Date Acceding State Became Consultative Party

1

United Kingdom

May 31, 1960

OS/CP

 

2

South Africa

June 21, 1960

OS/CP

 

3

Belgium

July 26, 1960

OS/CP

 

4

Japan

August 4, 1960

OS/CP

 

5

United States of America

August 18, 1960

OS/CP

 

6

Norway

August 24, 1960

OS/CP

 

7

France

September 16, 1960

OS/CP

 

8

New Zealand

November 1, 1960

OS/CP

 

9

Russiaa

November 2, 1960

OS/CP

 

10

Poland

June 8, 1961

AS/CP

July 29, 1977

11

Argentina

June 23, 1961

OS/CP

 

12

Australia

June 23, 1961

OS/CP

 

13

Chile

June 23, 1961

OS/CP

 

14

Czech Republicb

June 14, 1962

AS

 

15

Slovak Republicb

June 14, 1962

AS

 

16

Denmark

May 20, 1965

AS

 

17

Netherlands

March 30, 1967

AS/CP

November 19, 1990

18

Romania

September 15, 1971

AS

 

19

German Democratic Republicc

November 19, 1974

AS/CP

October 5, 1987

20

Brazil

May 16, 1975

AS/CP

September 12, 1983

21

Bulgaria

September 11, 1978

AS/CP

May 25, 1998

 

Germany, Federal Republic of

February 5, 1979

AS/CP

March 3, 1981

22

Uruguay

January 11, 1980

AS/CP

October 7, 1985

23

Papua New Guinead

March 16, 1981

AS

 

24

Italy

March 18, 1981

AS/CP

October 5, 1987

25

Peru

April 10, 1981

AS/CP

October 9, 1989

26

Spain

March 31, 1982

AS/CP

September 21, 1988

27

China, People’s Republic of

June 8, 1983

AS/CP

October 7, 1985

28

India

August 19, 1983

AS/CP

September 12, 1983

29

Hungary

January 27, 1984

AS

 

30

Sweden

April 24, 1984

AS/CP

September 21, 1988

31

Finland

May 15, 1984

AS/CP

October 9, 1989

32

Cuba

August 16, 1984

AS

 

33

Korea, Republic of

November 28, 1986

AS/CP

October 9, 1989

34

Greece

January 8, 1987

AS

 

35

Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of

January 21, 1987

AS

 

36

Austria

August 25, 1987

AS

 

37

Ecuador

September 15, 1987

AS/CP

November 19, 1990

38

Canada

May 4, 1988

AS

 

39

Colombia

January 31, 1989

AS

 

40

Switzerland

November 15, 1990

AS

 

41

Guatemala

July 31, 1991

AS

 

42

Ukraine

October 28, 1992

AS/CP

May 27, 2004

43

Turkey

January 25, 1996

AS

 

44

Venezuela

May 24, 1999

AS

 

45

Estonia

May 17, 2001

AS

 

NOTE: OS = original signatory; CP = consultative party; AS = acceding state; dates represent the dates of ratification of the treaty by the original signatories or the dates of accession or succession by other states.

aKnown as the Soviet Union until December 1990.

bSucceeded to the Treaty as part of Czechoslovakia which separated into two republics on January 1, 1993.

cBecame united with Federal Republic of Germany on October 3, 1990 (now known as Germany).

dAcceded to the Treaty after independence from Australia.

SOURCE: Antarctic Treaty Secretariat web site (http://www.ats.aq)



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