• assessed the Research Programs Grants, which provided funding to institutions to support the work of senior investigators;

  • conducted a workshop to investigate methods used to evaluate funding of biomedical sciences by philanthropic donors; and

  • evaluated the program for Markey Scholars and Visiting Fellows, which supported young biomedical investigators in their early careers.

This report presents the findings and conclusions of the evaluation of the Markey Scholars and Visiting fellows programs.

MARKEY GRANT PROGRAMS

The Markey Trust established three programs to support basic training, the development of young faculty, and research by experienced scientists in the biomedical sciences: (1) General Organizational Grants, (2) Research Program Grants; and (3) Markey Scholars and Visiting Fellows Awards. In addition, the Trust awarded several grants that did not fall neatly into one of these categories. For purposes of this evaluation purposes, however, these were assigned to one or another of the programs. A detailed description of all Markey grant programs is included in Appendix C.

General Organizational Grants

The growth of a gap between the results of biomedical research and their clinical application was recognized by Markey trustees as a critical issue in the late 1980s. Consequently, the Markey Trust funded awards to provide training in translational research to diminish this gap, including: (1) programs that provided significant opportunities for M.D.s to engage in basic research during and immediately following medical school and residency, and (2) programs that provided significant clinical exposure for Ph.D.s while they were predoctoral or postdoctoral students. General Organizational Grant programs were funded for approximately five years and were not renewable.

Research Program Grants

The Trust established Research Program Grants to enable established investigators to address important issues in the biomedical sciences by developing new approaches or expanding continuing approaches to the study of basic biomedical research questions—in short, providing flexible dollars for innovation and growth. In some instances, the awards permitted the development of new programs or the complete reorganization of



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