TABLE 2.2 ALS and Military Service—Cohort Studies

Reference

Study Population

Cases

Estimated Relative Risk (95% Confidence Intervals)

Smith et al. 2000

Non-gulf-deployed Gulf War-era veterans

12

1.0 (ref)

 

Gulf War-deployed military personnel (1990–1991)

6

1.66 (0.62–4.44)

Kang and Bullman 2001

Non-gulf-deployed Gulf War-era veterans

NA

1.0 (ref)

Gulf War-deployed military personnel (1990–1991)

NA

0.59 (0.21–1.66)

Haley 2003

Gulf War-deployed military personnel (1990–1991), less than 45 years old

 

 

 

Year of diagnosis:

 

 

 

1991–1994

4

0.94 (0.26–2.41)a

 

1995–1998

13

2.27 (1.27–3.88)a

Horner et al. 2003

Non-gulf-deployed Gulf War-era veterans

67

1.0 (ref)

 

Gulf War-deployed military personnel (1990–1991)

40

1.92 (1.29–2.84)

 

Unit

 

 

 

Nondeployed active duty

61

1.0 (ref)

 

Deployed active duty

31

2.15 (1.38–3.36)

 

Nondeployed reserves and National Guard

6

1.0 (ref)

 

Deployed reserves and National Guard

9

2.50 (0.88–7.07)

 

Service branch

 

 

 

Nondeployed Air Force

24

1.0 (ref)



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement