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Status of Pollinators in North America References AAAS (American Association for the Advancement of Science). 1994. Benchmarks for Science Literacy. Available at http://www.project2061.org/publications/bsl/online/bolintro.htm. Accessed May 31, 2006. ABF (American Beekeeping Federation). 2005. Honey Bee Pollination Crisis: Shortage of Bees May Reduce Crop Production. Available at: http://abfnet.org/?p=51. Accessed May 15, 2006. Abu-Asab, M.S., P.M. Peterson, S.G. Shetler, and S.S. Orli. 2001. Earlier plant flowering in spring as a response to global warming in the Washington, DC, area. Biodiversity Conservation 10: 597–612. Acciarri, N., F. Restaino, G. Vitelli, D. Perrone, M. Zottini, T, Pandolfini, A. Spena, and G.L. Rotino. 2002. Genetically modified parthenocarpic eggplants: improved fruit  productivity under both greenhouse and open field cultivation. BMC Biotechnology 2:4. Adey, M., P. Walker, and P.T. Walker. 1986. Pest Control Safe for Bees. A Manual and Directory for the Tropics and Subtropics. Cardiff: International Bee Research Association. 224 pp. Adlerz, W.C. 1966. Honey bee visit numbers and watermelon pollination. Journal of Economic Entomology 59: 28–30. Agosti, D., and N.F. Johnson, eds. 2005. Antbase. Available at: Antbase.org, version (May 2005). Agosti, D., J.D. Majer, L.E. Alonso, and T.R. Schultz, eds. 2000. Ants: Standard Methods for Measuring and Monitoring Biodiversity. Biological Diversity Handbook Series. Washington and London: Smithsonian Institution Press. Aizen, M.A., and P. Feinsinger. 1994. Forest fragmentation, pollination, and plant reproduction in a Chaco dry forest, Argentina. Ecology 75: 330–351. Alippi, A.M, G.N. Albo, D. Leniz, I. Rivera, M.L. Zanelli, and A.E. Roca. 1999. Comparative study of tylosin, erythromycin and oxytetracycline to control American foulbrood of honey bees. Journal of Apicultural Research 38(3–4): 149–158. Allen, M.F., and B.V. Ball. 1996. The incidence and world distribution of the honey bee viruses. Bee World 77: 141–162.

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Status of Pollinators in North America Allen-Wardell, G., P. Bernhardt, R. Bitner, A. Burquez, S. Buchmann, J. Cane, P.A. Cox, V. Dalton, P. Feinsinger, M. Ingram, D. Inouye, C.E. Jones, K. Kennedy, P. Kevan, H. Koopowitz, R. Medellin, S. Medellin-Morales, and G.P. Nabhan. 1998. The potential consequences of pollinator declines on the conservation of biodiversity and stability of food crop yields. Conservation Biology  12(1): 8–17. Altieri, M.A., and C.I. Nicholls. 2004. Biodiversity and Pest Management in Agroecosystems. 2nd edition. New York: Haworth  Press. Altizer, S., W.M. Hochachka, and A.A. Dhondt. 2004. Seasonal dynamics of mycoplasmal conjunctivitis in eastern North American house finches. Journal of Animal Ecology 73:: 309–322. Ananthakrishnan, T.N. 1993. The role of thrips in pollination. Current Science (Bangalore) 65(3): 262–264. Anderson, D.L., and J.W.H. Trueman. 2000. Varroa jacobsoni (Acari: Varroidae) is more than one species. Experimental and Applied Acarology 24: 165–189. Anderson, P.L., R.L. Hellmich, R. Jarrad, J.R. Prasifka, and L.C. Lewis. 2005. Effects on fitness and behavior of monarch butterfly larvae exposed to a combination of Cry1Ab-Expressing corn anthers and pollen. Environmental Entomology  34(4): 944–952. Anderson, R.P., M. Gomez-Laverde, and A.T. Peterson. 2002. Geographical distributions of spiny pocket mice in South America: insights from predictive models. Global Ecology and Biogeography 11: 131–141. Anonymous. 1987. Varroa mites found in the United States. American Bee Journal 127:: 745–746. Anonymous. 2005. Minnesota beekeepers and DNR settle claims. Bee Culture 133:51. Aratanakul, P., and M. Burgett. 1975. Varroa jacobsoni: a prospective pest of honeybees in many parts of the world. Bee World 56: 119–121. Arita, H.T. 1993. Conservation biology of the cave bats of Mexico. Journal of Mammalogy 74:: 693–702. Arita, H.T., and K. Santos-del-Prado. 1999. Conservation biology of nectar-feeding bats in Mexico. Journal of Mammalogy 80: 31–41. Arizaga, S., and E. Ezcurra. 1995. Insurance against reproductive failure in a semelparous plant—Bulbil formation in Agave macroacantha flowering stalks. Oecologia 101:: 329–334. Arizaga, S., and E. Ezcurra. 2002. Propagation mechanisms in Agave macroacantha (Agavaceae), a tropical arid-land succulent rosette. American Journal of Botany 89: 632–641. Arizaga, S., E. Ezcurra, E. Peters, F.R. de Arellano, and E. Vega. 2002. Pollination ecology of Agave macroacantha (Agavaceae) in a Mexican tropical desert. I. Floral biology and pollination mechanisms. American Journal of Botany 87: 1004–1010. Arizmendi, M.C., and J.F. Ornelas. 1990. Hummingbirds and their floral resources in a tropical dry forest in Mexico. Biotropica 22: 172–180. Arizona Game and Fish Department. 2006. Hertitage Data Management System. Available at: http://www.azgfd.gov/w_c/edits/documents/Leptcuye.fi.pdf. Accessed May 19, 2006. Armstrong, J.A. 1986. Floral biology of Myristica fragrans Houtt. (Myristicaceae), the nutmeg of commerce. Biotropica 18: 32–38. Arroyo-Cabrales, J., R.R. Hollander, and J.K. Jones, Jr. 1987. Choeronycteris mexicana. Mammalian Species 291: 1–5. Asai, W.K. 2005.  Nuts: striving for higher  yields. American Fruit Grower 125:90. Ascher, J.S. 2001. Hylaeus hyalinatus Smith, a European bee new to North America, with notes on other adventive bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 103: 184–190. Asher, J., M. Warren, R. Fox, P. Harding, G. Jeffcoate, and S. Jeffcoate. 2001. Millennium Atlas of Butterflies in Britain and Ireland. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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