Animal Biology and in the Beckman Institute of Science and Technology. Dr. Robinson obtained his Ph.D. in entomology from Cornell University in 1986. He is the author or coauthor of more than 150 publications, including articles published in Nature, Science, and the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. He pioneered the application of genomics to the study of social behavior, led the effort to gain approval from the National Institutes of Health for sequencing the honey bee genome, and heads the Honey Bee Genome Sequencing Consortium. Dr. Robinson has been honored as a University Scholar, Fulbright Fellow, and Guggenheim Fellow. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences and NAS.


Allison A. Snow is a professor of evolution, ecology, and organismal biology at the Ohio State University in Columbus. Dr. Snow received her Ph.D. in botany from the University of Massachusetts. She is noted for her expertise in the evolutionary ecology of plant populations, including breeding systems, pollination ecology, and conservation biology. Dr. Snow’s research focuses on hybridization as a stimulus for rapid evolution in weedy and invasive plants. She has published widely in peer-reviewed journals, and she has produced several technical reports and book chapters on transgenic plants, pollination ecology, and gene flow. Dr. Snow is an Aldo Leopold Leadership Fellow of the Ecological Society of America and is the current president of the Botanical Society of America. She served on the National Research Council’s Committee on Genetically Modified Pest-Protected Plants and on the Committee on Biological Confinement of Genetically Engineered Organisms.


Scott M. Swinton is a professor of agricultural economics at Michigan State University in East Lansing. Dr. Swinton teaches agricultural production economics, agribusiness operations management, and ecological economics. He received his M.S. from Cornell University and Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota. His economic research on agricultural production and environmental management focuses on technology evaluation and policy analysis. He concentrates on understanding the conditions required for business profitability to be compatible with environmental stewardship. Dr. Swinton also is engaged in research on agricultural and natural resource management in Latin America and Africa. He has published more than 45 journal articles and edited 3 books. He currently serves on the editorial board of the American Journal of Agricultural Economics.


Leonard B. Thien is a professor in the Department of Cell and Molecular Biology at Tulane University in New Orleans, Louisiana. He received an M.S. in botany (systematics and evolution) from Washington University, St. Louis, and a Ph.D. in botany (evolution) from the University of



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