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Seafood Choices: Balancing Benefits and Risks
Evaluating development of school-age children exposed to variable EPA/DHA levels in utero and postnatally with measures of distractibility, disruptive behavior, and oppositional defiant behavior, as well as more commonly assessed cognitive outcomes and more sophisticated tests of visual function.
Recommendation 4: Additional data is needed to better define optimumintake levels of EPA/DHA for infants and toddlers.
Recommendation 5: Better-designed studies about EPA/DHA supplementation in children with behavioral disorders are needed.
Adults at Risk for Chronic Disease
Recommendation 6: In the absence of meta-analyses that systematicallycombine quantitative data from multiple studies, further meta-analyses andlarger randomized trials are needed to assess outcomes other than cardiovascular, in particular total mortality, in order to explore possible adverse health effects of EPA/DHA supplementation.
Recommendation 7: Additional clinical research is needed to assess apotential effect of seafood consumption and/or EPA/DHA supplementationon stroke, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, and depression.
Recommendation 8: Future epidemiological studies should assess intakeof specific species of seafood and/or biomarkers, in order to differentiate the health effects of EPA/DHA from those of contaminants, such asmethylmercury.
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