TABLE B-1j Studies on Allergies and Asthma: Effects on Children Supplemented with Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Foods Other Than Exclusively Breast Milk or Infant Formula


Study Type



Timing of Exposure

Peat et al., 2004

Randomized Controlled Trial

Pregnant women (n=616)

Mean age about 29 years

About 47% tertiary educated

Sydney, Australia

At least one parent or sibling with current asthma or frequent wheeze; fluency in English; a telephone at home; residence within 30 km of the recruitment center

No pet at home; vegetarian diet; multiple births; or less than 36 weeks gestation

The Childhood Asthma Prevention Study (CAPS)

Tuna-fish oil supplement

Child’s age of 6 months to 3 years

Hodge et al., 1998*

Randomized Controlled Trial

Boys and girls (n=39)

Aged 8-12 years

Sydney, Australia

Asthmatic with a history of episodic wheeze in the last 12 months and airway hyperresponsiveness to histamine

No other significant diseases; taking regular oral corticosteroids or with known aspirin or dietary salicylate sensitivity

EPA/DHA supplement

6 months

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