Amount

Results

Conclusion*

Four diet groups:

Meat eaters

Fish eaters = ate fish but no meat

Vegetarians = ate neither meat nor fish but did eat dairy products and/or eggs

Vegans = did not eat any meat, fish, eggs, or dairy products

After adjusting for age, there were significant differences between the diet groups in regards to SBP among men (p<0.005), SBP among women (p<0.005), DBP among men (p<0.005) and DBP among women (p<0.0001).

After adjusting for age and BMI, the only significant difference in blood pressure was for DBP among women (p<0.01).

After adjusting for age, BMI, alcohol intake and vigorous exercise (for men), and hormone exposure (for women), the only significant difference in blood pressure was for DBP among women (p<0.01).

After adjusting for age, BMI, alcohol intake and vigorous exercise (for men), hormone exposure (for women), protein, carbohydrate, total fat, saturated fat and polyunsaturated fat, energy, P/S ratio, and NSP intake, the only significant difference in blood pressure was for DBP among women (p=0.02).

After adjusting for age, BMI, alcohol intake and vigorous exercise (for men), hormone exposure (for women), protein, carbohydrate, total fat, saturated fat and polyunsaturated fat, energy, P/S ratio, and NSP intake, sodium (from food only), potassium, calcium, and magnesium intakes, the only significant difference in blood pressure was for DBP among women (p=0.02).

After adjusting for age, the prevalence of self-reported hypertension for meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians, and vegans was 15.0%, 9.8%, 9.8%, and 5.8% for men, respectively, and 12.1%, 9.6%, 8.9%, and 7.7% for women, respectively.

After adjusting for age and BMI, the prevalence of self-reported hypertension for meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians, and vegans was 12.9%, 9.3%, 9.5%, and 6.1% for men, respectively, and 10.6%, 9.7%, 8.7%, and 8.3% for women, respectively.

B

**N = Evidence of no association or no clear association; B = Evidence of a benefit.



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