Amount

Results

Conclusion*

Quintiles of total fat intake (median):

1 = 51.9 g

2 = 62.7 g

3 = 69.9 g

4 = 77.0 g

5 = 87.4 g

Quintiles of omega-3 (median):

1 = 0.05 g

2 = 0.09 g

3 = 0.13 g

4 = 0.21 g

5 = 0.36 g

After adjusting for age, smoking, BMI, area of residence, number of physician’s visits, and quintiles of energy intake:

There were no significant associations found between total fat intake, saturated fat intake, or omega-3 fat intake and the risk of asthma;

Those in Quintile 3 of monounsaturated fat intake (median = 28.6 g) had a significantly lower RR of asthma than those in Quintile 1 (median = 20.1 g) (RR=0.74, 95% CI 0.59-0.93); and

Those in Quintiles 2 and 4 of LA intake (median = 6 g and 11.1 g, respectively) had significantly lower RR of asthma than those in Quintile 1 (median = 4.49 g) (RR=0.71, 95% CI 0.57-0.89; RR=0.74, 95% CI 0.59-0.93; respectively).

N

Quartiles of fish intake, absolute amounts unspecified

There were no significant differences found between the quartiles of all fish, shellfish, other seafood intake and prevalence of physician-diagnosed asthma (p=0.82, p=0.12, p=0.99, respectively).

There was a significant difference among the quartiles of oily fish and the prevalence of physician-diagnosed asthma (quartile 1 = 1.5%, quartile 2 = 2.5%, quartile 3 = 4.6%, and quartile 4 = 4.9%; p=0.01).

There were no significant differences found between the quartiles of all fish, oily fish, shellfish, other seafood intake and prevalence of physician-diagnosed allergic rhinitis (p=0.39, p=0.65, p=0.45, p=0.15, respectively).

B



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